Wednesday, January 1, 2014

Ten Best Films' 2013 Mini-Poll

1. Before Midnight (Richard Linklater)
73 points (LB, MA, ML, PK, SB)
2. Gravity (Alfonso Cuarón)
72 points (AZ, KW, LB, PK, SB)
3. The Grandmaster (Wong Kar-wai)
70 points (KW, LB, MA, ML)
4. The Great Beauty (Paolo Sorrentino)
68 points (KW, LB, MA, ML)
5. A Touch of Sin (Jia Zhangke)
67 points (KW, LB, MA, RS)
6. 12 Years a Slave (Steve McQueen)
64 points (AZ, KW, MS, SB)
7. Frances Ha (Noah Baumbach, 2012)
60 points (AZ, LB, MS, PK)
8. Leviathan (Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Véréna Paravel, 2012)
52 points (LB, MA, RS)
9. Her (Spike Jonze)
50 points (KW, MS, PK)
10. Side Effects (Steven Soderbergh)
39 points (AZ, ML, SB)

Runners-up: The Past (Asghar Farhadi) - 35 points (AZ, PK), Upstream Color (Shane Carruth) - 33 points (AZ, SB), Nebraska (Alexander Payne) - 31.5 points (MH, PK), Captain Phillips (Paul Greengrass) - 29 points (MS, SB), Spring Breakers (Harmony Korine, 2012) - 28 points (LB, SB), Stories We Tell (Sarah Polley, 2012) - 26 points (KW, MS), To the Wonder (Terrence Malick, 2012) - 26 points (MA, RS). 

Our annual indulgence - one more very unnecessary, unscientific year-end film poll with little more reason for existing than the fact that it allows old NYU friends to re-connect around the holidays - produced a surprising, but appropriate result in its sixth official incarnation: the latest in one of the art form's great, multi-part inscriptions of a long-term relationship, Richard Linklater's Before Midnight. The Linklater film was one of only two pictures to be cited by at least half of our voters, with Alfonso Cuarón's 3-D blockbuster Gravity finishing second, a single vote behind.The Grandmaster, The Great Beauty, A Touch of Sin and 12 Years a Slave - excellent choices all - round out those films that met the forty percent threshold of our admittedly small (or 'mini') body.

Contributors' Key: AZ - Alberto Zambenedetti (Ten Best Films), KW - Karen Wang, LB - Lisa K. Broad (Tativille), MA - Michael J. Anderson (Tativille), MH - Matt Hauske, ML - Mike Lyon, MS - Matt Singer, PK - Pamela Kerpius, RS - R. Emmet Sweeney (Ten Best Films), SB - Soren Bailey (Ten Best Films).

2013: R. Emmet Sweeney

1. Drug War (Johnnie To, 2012)
2. A Spell to Ward Off the Darkness (Ben Russell and Ben Rivers)
3. Wolf Children (Mamoru Hosoda, 2012)
4. Leviathan (Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Véréna Paravel, 2012)
5. To the Wonder (Terrence Malick, 2012)
6. Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues (Adam McKay)
7. A Touch of Sin (Jia Zhangke)
8. Ninja II (Isaac Florentine)
9. Stranger by the Lake (Alain Guiraudie)
10. Gold (Thomas Arslan)

Honorable mentions: Pain & Gain (Michael Bay), Our Sunhi (Hong Sang-soo), Blind Detective (Johnnie To), Gravity (Alfonso Cuarón), The Package (Jesse V. Jackson), Bastards (Claire Denist), Story of My Death (Albert Serra), Computer Chess (Andrew Bujalski), Abuse of Weakness (Catherine Breillat), This is Martin Bonner (Chad Hartigan), Museum Hours (Jem Cohen, 2012), Riddick (David Twohy), Manakamana (Stephanie Spray and Pacho Velez), Closed Curtain (Jafar Panahi and Kambuzia Partovi), The Immigrant (James Gray), When Evening Falls on Bucharest or Metabolism (Corneliu Porumboiu), Norte, the End of History (Lav Diaz)

R. Emmet Sweeney has his M. A. in Cinema Studies from New York University, writes a weekly column for Movie Morlocks, and recently penned his magnum opus on Anchorman 2 for Film Comment.

2013: Soren Bailey

1. 12 Years a Slave (Steve McQueen)
2. Computer Chess (Andrew Bujalski)
3. Upstream Color (Shane Carruth)
4. Side Effects (Steven Soderbergh)
5. Spring Breakers (Harmony Korine, 2012)
6. Gravity (Alfonso Cuarón)
7. American Hustle (David O. Russell)
8. Captain Phillips (Paul Greengrass)
9. Europa Report (Sebastián Cordero)
10. Before Midnight (Richard Linaklater)

Runners-up: This Is the End (Evan Goldberg and Seth Rogen), Blue Jasmine (Woody Allen)

Soren Bailey has his Master's in Cinema Studies from New York University, works as a filmmaker and editor, and currently resides with his wife and children in Brooklyn, New York

2013: Alberto Zambenedetti

1. The Past (Asghar Farhadi)
2. Gravity (Alfonso Cuarón)
3. Blue Is the Warmest Color (Abdellatif Kechiche)
4. The Wolf of Wall Street (Martin Scorsese)
5. Frances Ha (Noah Baumbach, 2012)
6. Upstream Color (Shane Carruth)
7. We Are the Best! (Lukas Moodysson)
8. The Strange Little Cat (Ramon Zürcher)
9. 12 Years a Slave (Steve McQueen)
10. Side Effects (Steven Soderbergh)

Top five ineligible films (released in 2012, but seen in 2013): Amour (Michael Haneke, 2012), Zero Dark Thirty (Kathryn Bigelow, 2012), Museum Hours (Jem Cohen, 2012), Post Tenebras Lux (Carlos Reygadas), Not Fade Away (David Chase, 2012)

Alberto Zambenedetti is an Assistant Professor of Italian Cinema at the University of Toronto, and a regular contributor to GLI SPIETATI.

Tuesday, December 10, 2013

Ten Best Manoel de Oliveira Directed Films

Francisca
1. Doomed Love (1978)
2. Abraham's Valley (1993)
3. Francisca (1981)
4. I'm Going Home (2001)
6. Inquietude (1998)
7. Aniki Bóbó (1942)
10. Mon cas (1986)

Runners-up (in alphabetical order): Belle toujours (2006), The Letter (1999), A Talking Picture (2003), The Uncertainty Principle (2002)

- Michael J. Anderson

Eccentricities of a Blonde-Haired Girl
1. Doomed Love (1978)
2. Abraham's Valley (1993)
4. Francisca (1981)
6. A Talking Picture (2003) 
8. Mon cas (1986)
9. Aniki Bóbó (1942)
10. I'm Going Home (2001)

-Lisa K. Broad

Monday, June 24, 2013

Ten Best Films of 2012

1. Holy Motors (Leos Carax, France/Germany)
For his first film in thirteen years and his very best work to date, the Cinéma du look-era director brings the (nineteenth) century of cinema's invention into seemless contact with the imagistic overload and narrative fatigue of the digital age. A portmanteau art that can be explained therefore by the exigencies of the early 21st century, Holy Motors, more so even than its perfect Cannes companion Cosmopolis, provides an invigoratingly new glimpse of our post-celluloid present. A strong choice for film of the year.

2. Leviathan (Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Véréna Paravel, France/United Kingdom/United States)
Abstracted from the murk and shadow of the swirling North Atlantic surf, Castaing-Taylor and Paravel's avant-gardist experiment in lyrical-mode documentary attends foremost to the laborious act of its own making and to the viscous textures that confront the film's spectators with sensory experiences that are as often olfactory and tactile (as they are visual). An anti-Deadliest Catch in its narrative unmooring, the very new Leviathan is heavy-metal slow cinema.

3. Moonrise Kingdom (Wes Anderson, United States)
gesamtkunstwerk constructed primarily from American folk and craft traditions, Anderson's latest and perhaps greatest relies on the counter-intuitive presence of mid-century composer Benjamin Britten for not only its allegorical grist, but also for its decisive autobiographical resonance. Belying its sterling surface design and artefactual acuity, Moonrise Kingdom is work of conspicuous emotional depth, translating an experience that is both personal and generational.

4. Barbara (Christian Petzold, Germany)
Saturated with its Stasi subject in its minutely calibrated detail and unerringly precise observation, Barbara concentrates most forcefully on Nina Hoss's angular, intractable face. A master-class in post-Hitchcockian suspense, Barbara slowly pivots from pure political thriller to ethics-oriented melodrama, with the needs of the eponymous heroine's patients increasingly taking precedent. A new career peak for Petzold, and one of the best works of the director's Berlin School.

5. Tabu (Miguel Gomes, Portugal/Germany/Brazil/France)
Infusing faux ethnography with a Bataille-inspired surrealism, the fast-rising forty year-old's post-colonial, post-structuralist Tabu inverts the two-part organization of its 1931 namesake, as it ironically imagines the restoration of paradise in a grainy 16mm technology and post-synchronous sound that are all but extinct. A consummate work of historical reference and obsessive piece of post-modern scholarship, Tabu is equally rich in libidinal and kitsch pleasures.

6. Django Unchained (Quentin Tarantino, United States)
Pursuing and providing the greater and more novel insight into American slavery than its A-side LincolnDjango Unchained unearths a piquant metaphor for the abhorrent institution in the period-specific performativity that the film spotlights. Whether or not Tarantino's latest piece of historical wish-fulfillment can or should be described as socially responsible ultimately, Django Unchained remains undeniably powerful and accomplished popular art.

7. Neighboring Sounds (Kleber Mendonça Filho, Brazil)
The most outstanding fiction debut of 2012, Filho's three-part, security-themed (sporadically surreal) feature cues graphically and thematically into the high-rise urban architecture that serves as a reminder of the class-based fear around which the film's upper-class subjects organize their lives. These spaces provide a symbolic field for the film's depiction of alienated twenty-first existence, with the filmmaker's camera penetrating in a surveillance-coded set of forward zooms.

8. You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet (Alain Resnais, France/Germany)
A spatially unstable mapping of shared memory, the most accomplished filmmaker on this year's list (born a mere ninety years earlier) brings one of 2012's most ontologically adventurous efforts: twelve actors, appearing under their real names, react to and reprise their roles from play-within-the-film Eurydice. The great Resnais's latest presents a group of lives consumed by artistic passion - an almost perfect subject for this very late entry into the New Wave canon.

9. Beyond the Hills (Cristian Mungiu, Romania/France/Belgium)
Completely composed of shifting single-take set-ups that systematically substitute for an analytic breakdown of the bleak Carpathian landscape and barren convent interiors, Mungiu's epic-length latest serves to summarize the new Romanian cinema. Presenting a novel and contemporary contribution to Christ narratives in its queer thematic, Mungiu's latest marks a major advancement over his previous, Palme d'Or prize-winning 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days.

10. In Another Country (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
The leading Korean auteur's 13th feature in 17 years, In Another Country maintains Hong's career-defining and spanning predilection for multi-part narratives with a three movement work that centers on the great Isabelle Huppert as a trio of French visitors named Anne. In so doing, Hong once again breaks from his earlier nationally coded two-part structures for a Francophonic themed narrative that draws most heavily on the cinema of Eric Rohmer.

Sunday, June 23, 2013

Ten Best Films: 1930-2012

Make Way for Tomorrow (1937)
1930
1. Morocco (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
2. Earth (Aleksandr Dovzhenko, Soviet Union)
3. Laughter (Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast, United States)
4. The Dawn Patrol (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. L'Âge d'or (Luis Buñuel, France)
6. The Blood of a Poet (Jean Cocteau, France)
7. Prix de Beauté (Augusto Genina, France)
8. Under the Roofs of Paris (René Clair, France)
9. The Blue Angel (Josef von Sternberg, Germany)
10. City Girl (F. W. Murnau, United States)

1931
1. M (Fritz Lang, Germany)
2. Tabu: A Story of the South Seas (F. W. Murnau and Robert Flaherty, United States)
3. City Lights (Charles Chaplin, United States)
4. À nous la liberté (René Clair, France)
5. Dishonored (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
6. Blonde Crazy (Roy Del Ruth, United States)
7. La Chienne (Jean Renoir, France)
8. The Criminal Code (Howard Hawks, United States)
9. Le Million (René Clair, France)
10. Marius (Alexander Korda, France)

1932
1. Trouble in Paradise (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
2. Scarface (Howard Hawks, United States)
3. Boudu Saved from Drowning (Jean Renoir, France)
4. I Was Born, But... (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
5. Me and My Gal (Raoul Walsh, United States)
6. Love Me Tonight (Rouben Mamoulian, United States)
7. The Man I Killed (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
8. The Old Dark House (James Whale, United States)
9. Back Street (John M. Stahl, United States)
10. Hot Saturday (William A. Seiter, United States)

1933
1. Woman of Tokyo (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
2. Liebelei (Max Ophüls, Germany/Austria)
3. The Bitter Tea of General Yen (Frank Capra, United States)
4. Hallelujah, I'm a Bum! (Lewis Milestone, United States)
5. Man's Castle (Frank Borzage, United States)
6. Zero for Conduct (Jean Vigo, France)
7. Bombshell (Victor Fleming, United States)
8. The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (Fritz Lang, Germany)
9. Topaze (Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast, United States)
10. Sons of the Desert (William A. Seiter, United States)

1934
1. La Signora di tutti (Max Ophüls, Italy)
2. L'Atalante (Jean Vigo, France)
3. The Scarlet Empress (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
4. Twentieth Century (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Story of Floating Weeds (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
6. Judge Priest (John Ford, United States)
7. Man of Aran (Robert Flaherty, United Kingdom)
8. The Goddess (Wu Yonggang, China)
9. The Merry Widow (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
10. Little Man, What Now? (Frank Borzage, United States)

1935
1. Ruggles of Red Gap (Leo McCarey, United States)
2. Wife! Be Like a Rose! (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
3. The 39 Steps (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
4. Steamboat 'Round the Bend (John Ford, United States)
5. Pot Worth a Million Ryo (Yamanaka Sadao, Japan)
6. The Devil is a Woman (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
7. An Inn at Tokyo (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
8. Bride of Frankenstein (James Whale, United States)
9. Crime and Punishment (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
10. The Downfall of Osen (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)

1936
1. By the Bluest of Seas (Boris Barnet, Soviet Union)
2. Sisters of the Gion (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
3. The Crime of Monsieur Lange (Jean Renoir, France)
4. A Day in the Country (Jean Renoir, France)
5. Story of a Cheat (Sacha Guitry, France)
6. Ceiling Zero (Howard Hawks, United States)
7. Mr. Thank You (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)
8. Rose Hobart (Joseph Cornell, United States)
9. Osaka Elegy (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
10. Modern Times (Charles Chaplin, United States)

1937
1. Make Way for Tomorrow (Leo McCarey, United States)
2. The Awful Truth (Leo McCarey, United States)
3. Angel (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
4. The Straits of Love and Hate (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
5. You Only Live Once (Fritz Lang, United States)
6. Humanity and Paper Balloons (Yamanaka Sadao, Japan)
7. Stella Dallas (King Vidor, United States)
8. Young and Innocent (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
9. Easy Living (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
10. The Great Garrick (James Whale, United States)

1938
1. Bringing Up Baby (Howard Hawks, United States)
2. The Lady Vanishes (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
3. Olympia (Leni Riefenstahl, Germany)
4. You and Me (Fritz Lang, United States)
5. La Bête humaine (Jean Renoir, France)
6. Flowers Have Fallen (Tamizo Ishida, Japan)
7. Four Daughters (Michael Curtiz, United States)
8. Holiday (George Cukor, United States)
9. The Baker's Wife (Marcel Pagnol, France)
10. The Masseurs and a Woman (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)

1939
1. The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. The Rules of the Game (Jean Renoir, France)
3. Stagecoach (John Ford, United States)
4. Only Angels Have Wings (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Love Affair (Leo McCarey, United States)
6. Midnight (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
7. Ninotchka (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
8. Young Mr. Lincoln (John Ford, United States)
9. The Roaring Twenties (Raoul Walsh, United States)
10. The Whole Family Works (Mikio Naruse, Japan)

The Ten Best Films of the 1930s (in alphabetical order)
L'Atalante (Jean Vigo, France)
By the Bluest of Seas (Boris Barnet, Soviet Union)
Make Way for Tomorrow (Leo McCarey, United States)
The Rules of the Game (Jean Renoir, France)
Scarface (Howard Hawks, United States)
The Scarlet Empress (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
La Signora di tutti (Max Ophüls, Italy)
The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
Trouble in Paradise (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
Woman of Tokyo (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)

A Matter of Life and Death (1946)
1940
1. The Shop Around the Corner (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
2. His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, United States)
3. The Great Dictator (Charles Chaplin, United States)
4. Remember the Night (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
5. Rebecca (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
6. The Philadelphia Story (George Cukor, United States)
7. Pinocchio (Hamilton Luske and Ben Sharpsteen, United States)
8. The Mortal Storm (Frank Borzage, United States)
9. Foreign Correspondent (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
10. London Can Take It! (Humphrey Jennings, United Kingdom)

1941
1. How Green Was My Valley (John Ford, United States)
2. Citizen Kane (Orson Welles, United States)
3. Sullivan's Travels (Preston Sturges, United States)
4. Hellzapoppin' (H. C. Potter, United States)
5. Ornamental Hairpin (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)
6. Remorques (Jean Grémillon, France)
7. The Devil and Daniel Webster (William Dieterle, United States)
8. Hold Back the Dawn (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
9. The Shanghai Gesture (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
10. Suspicion (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)

1942
1. The Magnificent Ambersons (Orson Welles, United States)
2. Listen to Britain (Humphrey Jennings and Stewart McAllister, United Kingdom)
3. Aniki Bóbó (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
4. There Was a Father (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
5. Cat People (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
6. The Palm Beach Story (Preston Sturges, United States)
7. Went the Day Well? (Alberto Cavalcanti, United Kingdom)
8. The Loyal 47 Ronin (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
9. To Be or Not to Be (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
10. Gentleman Jim (Raoul Walsh, United States)

1943
1. Day of Wrath (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
2. The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
3. Shadow of a Doubt (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. I Walked with a Zombie (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
5. Meshes of the Afternoon (Maya Deren and Alexander Hammid, United States)
6. Les Anges du péché (Robert Bresson, France)
7. Air Force (Howard Hawks, United States)
8. Ossessione (Luchino Visconti, Italy)
9. Heaven Can Wait (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
10. Wild Flower (Emilio Fernández, Mexico)

1944
1. Ivan the Terrible (Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet Union)
2. To Have and Have Not (Howard Hawks, United States)
3. Meet Me in St. Louis (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
4. Laura (Otto Preminger, United States)
5. Lifeboat (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
6. The Miracle of Morgan's Creek (Preston Sturges, United States)
7. María Candelaria (Emilio Fernández, Mexico)
8. Hail the Conquering Hero (Preston Sturges, United States)
9. At Land (Maya Deren, United States)
10. The Curse of the Cat People (Robert Wise and Gunther von Fritsch, United States)

1945
1. Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (Robert Bresson, France)
2. They Were Expendible (John Ford, United States)
3. Rome, Open City (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
4. Leave Her to Heaven (John M. Stahl, United States)
5. The Southerner (Jean Renoir, United States)
6. Children of Paradise (Marcel Carné, France)
7. I Know Where I'm Going! (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
8. The Clock (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
9. Detour (Edgar G. Ulmer, United States)
10. The Bells of St. Mary's (Leo McCarey, United States)

1946
1. My Darling Clementine (John Ford, United States)
2. A Matter of Life and Death (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
3. Notorious (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. Paisan (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
5. Canyon Passage (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
6. Utamaro and His Five Women (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
7. Cluny Brown (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
8. Beauty and the Beast (Jean Cocteau, France)
9. The Girl I Loved (Keisuke Kinoshita, Japan)
10. The Best Years of Our Lives (William Wyler, United States)

1947
1. Monsieur Verdoux (Charles Chaplin, United States)
2. Antoine and Antoinette (Jacques Becker, France)
3. Black Narcissus (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
4. The Love of Sumako the Actress (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
5. Record of a Tenement Gentleman (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
6. Out of the Past (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
7. The Exile (Max Ophüls, United States)
8. The Lady from Shanghai (Orson Welles, United States)
9. The Unsuspected (Michael Curtiz, United States)
10. Phoenix (Keisuke Kinoshita, Japan)

1948
1. Letter from an Unknown Woman (Max Ophüls, United States)
2. Spring in a Small Town (Fei Mu, China)
3. La Terra Trema (Luchino Visconti, Italy)
4. Red River (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Germany Year Zero (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
6. Fort Apache (John Ford, United States)
7. The Red Shoes (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
8. Moonrise (Frank Borzage, United States)
9. They Live by Night (Nicholas Ray, United States)
10. Unfaithfully Yours (Preston Sturges, United States)

1949
1. Late Spring (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
2. Kind Hearts and Coronets (Robert Hamer, United Kingdom)
3. Crows and Sparrows (Zheng Junli, China)
4. I Was a Male War Bride (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. White Heat (Raoul Walsh, United States)
6. Rendezvous in July (Jacques Becker, France)
7. The Reckless Moment (Max Ophüls, United States)
8. Mahal (Kamal Amrohi, India)
9. The Third Man (Carol Reed, United Kingdom)
10. Andaz (Mehboob Khan, India)

The Ten Best Films of the 1940s (in alphabetical order)
Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (Robert Bresson, France)
Day of Wrath (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, United States)
Ivan the Terrible (Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet Union)
Late Spring (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
Letter from an Unknown Woman (Max Ophüls, United States)
A Matter of Life and Death (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
My Darling Clementine (John Ford, United States)
The Shop Around the Corner (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
Spring in a Small Town (Fei Mu, China)

Sansho the Bailiff (1954)
1950
1. The Flowers of St. Francis (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
2. Orpheus (Jean Cocteau, France)
3. Stars in My Crown (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
4. Wagonmaster (John Ford, United States)
5. Gun Crazy (Joseph H. Lewis, United States)
6. Winchester '73 (Anthony Mann, United States)
7. La Ronde (Max Ophüls, France)
8. Born to Be Bad (Nicholas Ray, United States)
9. In a Lonely Place (Nicholas Ray, United States)
10. The Gunfighter (Henry King, United States)

1951
1. Early Summer (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
2. The River (Jean Renoir, France/India/United States)
3. Diary of a Country Priest (Robert Bresson, France)
4. Awaara (Raj Kapoor, India)
5. The Man in the White Suit (Alexander Mackendrick, United Kingdom)
6. Ace in the Hole (Billy Wilder, United States)
7. The Thing From Another World (Christian Nyby, United States)
8. Strangers on a Train (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
9. The Prowler (Joseph Losey, United States)
10. The Kaiser's Lackey (Wolfgang Staudte, East Germany)

1952
1. The Life of Oharu (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. Limelight (Charles Chaplin, United States)
3. Él (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
4. Monkey Business (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Le Plaisir (Max Ophüls, France)
6. Singin’ in the Rain (Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, United States)
7. Rancho Notorious (Fritz Lang, United States)
8. Mother (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
9. On Dangerous Ground (Nicholas Ray, United States)
10. Europa '51 (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)

1953
1. Ugetsu Monogatari (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. The Earrings of Madame de... (Max Ophüls, France/Italy)
3. Tokyo Story (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
4. The Sun Shines Bright (John Ford, United States)
5. Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday (Jacques Tati, France)
6. The Big Heat (Fritz Lang, United States)
7. The Band Wagon (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
8. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (Howard Hawks, United States)
9. The Golden Coach (Jean Renoir, France/Italy)
10. The Naked Spur (Anthony Mann, United States)

1954
1. Sansho the Bailiff (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. Rear Window (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
3. Voyage in Italy (Roberto Rossellini, Italy/France)
4. A Star is Born (George Cukor, United States)
5. Sound of the Mountain (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
6. Chikamatsu Monogatari (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
7. Johnny Guitar (Nicholas Ray, United States)
8. Late Chrysanthemums (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
9. The Seven Samurai (Akira Kurosawa, Japan)
10. Track of the Cat (William A. Wellman, United States)

1955
1. Ordet (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
2. Floating Clouds (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
3. Pather Panchali (Satyajit Ray, India)
4. Lola Montès (Max Ophüls, France/West Germany)
5. The Night of the Hunter (Charles Laughton, United States)
6. Mr. Arkadin (Orson Welles, France/Spain/Switzerland)
7. Wichita (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
8. The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
9. French Cancan (Jean Renoir, France/Italy)
10. Kiss Me Deadly (Robert Aldrich, United States)

1956
1. The Searchers (John Ford, United States)
2. A Man Escaped (Robert Bresson, France)
3. Streets of Shame (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
4. Bigger Than Life (Nicholas Ray, United States)
5. Written on the Wind (Douglas Sirk, United States)
6. There's Always Tomorrow (Douglas Sirk, United States)
7. Seven Men from Now (Budd Boetticher, United States)
8. The Girl Can’t Help It (Frank Tashlin, United States)
9. The Killing (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
10. Crazed Fruit (Kô Nakahira, Japan)

1957
1. Pyaasa (Guru Dutt, India)
2. Throne of Blood (Akira Kurosawa, Japan)
3. Wild Strawberries (Ingmar Bergman, Sweden)
4. Forty Guns (Samuel Fuller, United States)
5. A King in New York (Charles Chaplin, United States)
6. Nights of Cabiria (Federico Fellini, Italy/France)
7. Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (Frank Tashlin, United States)
8. Le Notti bianche (Luchino Visconti, Italy/France)
9. An Affair to Remember (Leo McCarey, United States)
10. The Tall T (Budd Boetticher, United States)

1958
1. Vertigo (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
2. Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, United States)
3. Mon Oncle (Jacques Tati, France/Italy)
4. Ashes and Diamonds (Andrzej Wajda, Poland)
5. Anticipation of the Night (Stan Brakhage, United States)
6. Madhumati (Bimal Roy, India)
7. Man of the West (Anthony Mann, United States)
8. The Music Room (Satyajit Ray, India)
9. Some Came Running (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
10. Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys! (Leo McCarey, United States)

1959
1. Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, United States)
2. Pickpocket (Robert Bresson, France)
3. North by Northwest (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. Hiroshima mon amour (Alain Resnais, France/Japan)
5. Kaagaz Ke Phool (Guru Dutt, India)
6. The World of Apu (Satyajit Ray, India)
7. Anatomy of a Murder (Otto Preminger, United States)
8. Nazarin (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
9. The Sign of Leo (Eric Rohmer, France)
10. The 400 Blows (François Truffaut, France)

The Ten Best Films of the 1950s (in alphabetical order)
Early Summer (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
The Earrings of Madame de... (Max Ophüls, France/Italy)
Floating Clouds (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
The Flowers of St. Francis (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
Ordet (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
Pickpocket (Robert Bresson, France)
Rear Window (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, United States)
Sansho the Bailiff (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
The Searchers (John Ford, United States)

L'Avventura (1960)
1960
1. L'Avventura (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)
2. Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
3. Breathless (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
4. When a Woman Ascends the Stairs (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
5. Wild River (Elia Kazan, United States)
6. The Cloud-Capped Star (Ritwik Ghatak, India)
7. The Apartment (Billy Wilder, United States)
8. La Dolce Vita (Federico Fellini, Italy/France)
9. The Savage Innocents (Nicholas Ray, France/Italy/United Kingdom)
10. The Housemaid (Kim Ki-Young, South Korea)

1961
1. Lola (Jacques Demy, France/Italy)
2. Viridiana (Luis Buñuel, Spain/Mexico)
3. Il Posto (Ermanno Olmi, Italy)
4. Accattone (Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italy)
5. A Woman is a Woman (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Italy)
6. Alyonka (Boris Barnet, Soviet Union)
7. Two Daughters (Satyajit Ray, India)
8. The Aimless Bullet (Yoo Hyeon-Mok, South Korea)
9. A Wife Confesses (Yasuzo Masumura, Japan)
10. La Notte (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)

1962
1. L'Eclisse (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)
2. An Autumn Afternoon (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
3. Hatari! (Howard Hawks, United States)
4. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (John Ford, United States)
5. The Trial of Joan of Arc (Robert Bresson, France)
6. The Exterminating Angel (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
7. Cleo from 5 to 7 (Agnès Varda, France/Italy)
8. Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (Abrar Alvi, India)
9. La Jetée (Chris Marker, France)
10. My Life to Live (Jean-Luc Godard, France)

1963
1. Contempt (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Italy)
2. Muriel (Alain Resnais, France/Italy)
3. The Leopard (Luchino Visconti, Italy/France)
4. I Fidanzati (Ermanno Olmi, Italy)
5. The House is Black (Forugh Farrokhzad, Iran)
6. The Birds (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
7. Winter Light (Ingmar Bergman, Sweden)
8. The Big City (Satyajit Ray, India)
9. Shock Corridor (Samuel Fuller, United States)
10. The Nutty Professor (Jerry Lewis, United States)

1964
1. Gertrud (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
2. Charulata (Satyajit Ray, India)
3. Yearning (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
4. The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Jacques Demy, France/West Germany)
5. Diary of a Chambermaid (Luis Buñuel, France/Italy)
6. Marnie (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
7. Black God, White Devil (Glauber Rocha, Brazil)
8. The Gospel According to St. Matthew (Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italy/France)
9. Dry Summer (Metin Erksan, Turkey)
10. Intentions of Murder (Shohei Imamura, Japan)

1965
1. Pierrot le fou (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Italy)
2. Dog Star Man (Stan Brakhage, United States)
3. Le Bonheur (Agnès Varda, France)
4. Black Girl (Ousmane Sembene, France/Senegal)
5. Bunny Lake is Missing (Otto Preminger, United Kingdom)
6. Guide (Vijay Anand, India)
7. Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors (Sergei Paradjanov, Soviet Union)
8. Outer and Inner Space (Andy Warhol, United States)
9. Chimes at Midnight (Orson Welles, Spain/Switzerland)
10. Yoyo (Pierre Étaix, France)

1966
1. Au hasard Balthazar (Robert Bresson, France/Sweden)
2. Andrei Rublev (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
3. 7 Women (John Ford, United States)
4. The Rise to Power of Louis XIV (Roberto Rossellini, France)
5. Unsere Afrikareise/Our African Journey (Peter Kubelka, Austria)
6. Blow-Up (Michelangelo Antonioni, United Kingdom/Italy)
7. The Pornographers (Shohei Imamura, Japan)
8. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (Sergio Leone, Italy/Spain)
9. Daisies (Vera Chytilová, Czechoslovakia)
10. Tokyo Drifter (Seijun Suzuki, Japan)

1967
1. Playtime (Jacques Tati, France)
2. The Young Girls of Rochefort (Jacques Demy, France)
3. Two or Three Things I Know About Her (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
4. The Red and the White (Miklós Jancsó, Hungary/Soviet Union)
5. Wavelength (Michael Snow, Canada)
6. Mouchette (Robert Bresson, France)
7. Scattered Clouds (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
8. Belle de jour (Luis Buñuel, France/Italy)
9. La Collectionneuse (Eric Rohmer, France)
10. Jewel Thief (Vijay Anand, India)

1968
1. 2001: A Space Odyssey (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
2. Death by Hanging (Nagisa Oshima, Japan)
3. Once Upon a Time in the West (Sergio Leone, Italy/United States)
4. The Color of Pomegranates (Sergei Paradjanov, Soviet Union)
5. Memories of Underdevelopment (Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, Cuba)
6. The Chronicles of Anna Magdalena Bach (Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet, West Germany/Italy)
7. Faces (John Cassavetes, United States)
8. Carry On... Up the Khyber (Gerald Thomas, United Kingdom)
9. Witchfinder General (Michael Reeves, United Kingdom)
10. Targets (Peter Bogdanovich, United States)

1969
1. My Night at Maud's (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. Boy (Nagisa Oshima, Japan)
3. L'Amour fou (Jacques Rivette, France)
4. The Unfaithful Wife (Claude Chabrol, France/Italy)
5. Antonio das Mortes (Glauber Rocha, Brazil/France/West Germany)
6. Katzelmacher (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
7. Kes (Ken Loach, United Kingdom)
8. The Structure of Crystal (Krzysztof Zanussi, Poland)
9. Le grand amour (Pierre Étaix, France)
10. Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son (Ken Jacobs, United States)

The Ten Best Films of the 1960s (in alphabetical order)
Au hasard Balthazar (Robert Bresson, France/Sweden)
An Autumn Afternoon (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
Charulata (Satyajit Ray, India)
L'Eclisse (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)
Gertrud (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
My Night at Maud's (Eric Rohmer, France)
Playtime (Jacques Tati, France)
Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
Two or Three Things I Know About Her (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
The Young Girls of Rochefort (Jacques Demy, France)

Celine and Julie Go Boating (1974)
1970
1. Claire's Knee (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. Tristana (Luis Buñuel, Spain/France/Italy)
3. The Little Theater of Jean Renoir (Jean Renoir, France/Italy)
4. The Conformist (Bernardo Bertolucci, Italy/France/West Germany)
5. Le Cercle rouge (Jean-Pierre Melville, France/Italy)
6. There Once Was a Singing Blackbird (Otar Iosseliani, Soviet Union)
7. Serene Velocity (Ernie Gehr, United States)
8. Le Boucher (Claude Chabrol, France/Italy)
9. The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (Billy Wilder, United Kingdom)
10. A Swedish Love Story (Roy Andersson, Sweden)

1971
1. La Région centrale (Michael Snow, Canada)
2. (nostalgia) (Hollis Frampton, United States)
3. The Ceremony (Nagisa Oshima, Japan)
4. Four Nights of a Dreamer (Robert Bresson, France)
5. The House in the Woods (Maurice Pialat, France)
6. Love (Károly Makk, Hungary)
7. Get Carter (Mike Hodges, United Kingdom)
8. Dirty Harry (Don Siegel, United States)
9. A Touch of Zen (King Hu, Taiwan)
10. Trafic (Jacques Tati, France/Italy)

1972
1. Pakeezah (Kamal Amrohi, India)
2. The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (Luis Buñuel, France/
Italy/Spain)
3. The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
4. Frenzy (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
5. Solaris (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
6. Aguirre, Wrath of God (Werner Herzog, West Germany/Peru/
Mexico)
7. Ulzana's Raid (Robert Aldrich, United States)
8. The Merchant of Four Seasons (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
9. Avanti! (Billy Wilder, United States/Italy)
10. Love in the Afternoon (Eric Rohmer, France)

1973
1. The Spirit of the Beehive (Victor Erice, Spain)
2. Badlands (Terrence Malick, United States)
3. The Age of Cosimo de Medici (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
4. The Mother and the Whore (Jean Eustache, France)
5. Reed: Insurgent Mexico (Paul Leduc, Mexico)
6. A River Called Titas (Ritwik Ghatak, India/Bangladesh)
7. Touki Bouki (Djibril Diop Mambéty, Senegal)
8. Moses and Aaron (Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet, Austria/France/West Germany/Italy)
9. The Long Goodbye (Robert Altman, United States)
10. Breezy (Clint Eastwood, United States)

1974
1. Celine and Julie Go Boating (Jacques Rivette, France)
2. Lancelot of the Lake (Robert Bresson, France)
3. Arabian Nights (Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italy/France)
4. F for Fake (Orson Welles, France/Iran/West Germany)
5. Alice in the Cities (Wim Wenders, West Germany)
6. Effi Briest (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
7. A Woman Under the Influence (John Cassavetes, United States)
8. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Werner Herzog, West Germany)
9. Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
10. Weighed But Found Wanting (Lino Brocka, Philippines)

1975
1. Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
2. Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
3. The Travelling Players (Theo Angelopoulos, Greece)
4. The Mirror (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
5. The Messiah (Roberto Rossellini, Italy/France)
6. Xala (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal)
7. The Passenger (Michelangelo Antonioni, France/Italy/United States/Spain)
8. India Song (Marguerite Duras, France)
9. Hard Times (Walter Hill, United States)
10. Benilde, or the Virgin Mother (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)

1976
1. The Outlaw Josey Wales (Clint Eastwood, United States)
2. Kings of the Road (Wim Wenders, West Germany)
3. Family Plot (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (John Cassavetes, United States)
5. The Shootist (Don Siegel, United States)
6. The Marquise of O (Eric Rohmer, West Germany/France)
7. In the Realm of the Senses (Nagisa Oshima, Japan/France)
8. Insiang (Lino Brocka, Philippines)
9. Heart of Glass (Werner Herzog, West Germany)
10. Nuts in May (Mike Leigh, United Kingdom)

1977
1. That Obscure Object of Desire (Luis Buñuel, France/Spain)
2. Providence (Alain Resnais, France/Switzerland)
3. Man of Marble (Andrzej Wajda, Poland)
4. Killer of Sheep (Charles Burnett, United States)
5. Ceddo (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal)
6. The Gauntlet (Clint Eastwood, United States)
7. The Chess Players (Satyajit Ray, India)
8. The Devil, Probably (Robert Bresson, France)
9. Amar Akbar Anthony (Manmohan Desai, India)
10. The Report (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)

1978
1. Doomed Love (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
2. Days of Heaven (Terrence Malick, United States)
3. Perceval (Eric Rohmer, France/Italy/West Germany)
4. Fedora (Billy Wilder, France/West Germany)
5. Les Rendez-vous d'Anna (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France/West Germany)
6. Violette (Claude Chabrol, France/Canada)
7. The Driver (Walter Hill, United States)
8. Halloween (John Carpenter, United States)
9. Alexandria... Why? (Youssef Chahine, Egypt/Algeria)
10. An Unmarried Woman (Paul Mazursky, United States)

1979
1. Stalker (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
2. Tale of Tales (Yuri Norstein, Soviet Union)
3. "10" (Blake Edwards, United States)
4. The Marriage of Maria Braun (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
5. The Hypothesis of a Stolen Painting (Raoul Ruiz, France)
6. Eureka (Ernie Gehr, United States)
7. Vengeance is Mine (Shohei Imamura, Japan)
8. My Brilliant Career (Gillian Armstrong, Australia)
9. ¡Qué viva México! (Sergei Eisenstein and Grigori Aleksandrov, Soviet Union)
10. Ekdin Pratidin (Mrinal Sen, India)

The Ten Best Films of the 1970s (in alphabetical order)
Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
Celine and Julie Go Boating (Jacques Rivette, France)
Claire's Knee (Eric Rohmer, France)
Days of Heaven (Terrence Malick, United States)
Doomed Love (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
Pakeezah (Kamal Amrohi, India)
The Spirit of the Beehive (Victor Erice, Spain)
Stalker (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
The Travelling Players (Theo Angelopoulos, Greece)

The Sacrifice (1986)
1980
1. Berlin Alexanderplatz (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
2. Melvin and Howard (Jonathan Demme, United States)
3. Bronco Billy (Clint Eastwood, United States)
4. Loulou (Maurice Pialat, France)
5. The Shining (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
6. Mon oncle d'Amérique (Alain Resnais, France)
7. Germany, Pale Mother (Helma Sanders-Brahms, West Germany)
8. Every Man for Himself (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Austria/West Germany/Switzerland)
9. Used Cars (Robert Zemeckis, United States)
10. The Big Red One (Samuel Fuller, United States)

1981
1. Francisca (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
2. The Aviator's Wife (Eric Rohmer, France)
3. Blind Chance (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
4. Modern Romance (Albert Brooks, United States)
5. Mandala (Im Kwon-taek, South Korea)
6. Man of Iron (Andrzej Wajda, Poland)
7. Lola (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
8. Orderly or Disorderly (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
9. Thief (Michael Mann, United States)
10. The Prodigal Son (Sammo Hung, Hong Kong)

1982
1. Fanny and Alexander (Ingmar Bergman, Sweden/France/West Germany)
2. Passion (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Switzerland)
3. A Good Marriage (Eric Rohmer, France)
4. Le Pont du Nord (Jacques Rivette, France)
5. Dimensions of Dialogue (Jan Svankmajer, Czechoslovakia)
6. Danton (Andrzej Wajda, France/Poland/West Germany)
7. Burden of Dreams (Les Blank, United States)
8. The King of Comedy (Martin Scorsese, United States)
9. Moonlighting (Jerzy Skolimowski, United Kingdom/West Germany)
10. Finye (Souleymane Cissé, Mali)

1983
1. L'Argent (Robert Bresson, France)
2. Three Crowns of the Sailor (Raoul Ruiz, France)
3. Sudden Impact (Clint Eastwood, United States)
4. Sans Soleil (Chris Marker, France)
5. À nos amours (Maurice Pialat, France)
6. Pauline at the Beach (Eric Rohmer, France)
7. Nostalghia (Andrei Tarkovsky, Italy/France/Soviet Union)
8. Razia Sultan (Kamal Amrohi and G. P. Pawar, India)
9. The Golden 80's (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
10. My Brother's Wedding (Charles Burnett, United States)

1984
1. Stranger Than Paradise (Jim Jarmusch, United States)
2. Love Streams (John Cassavetes, United States)
3. A Summer at Grandpa's (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
4. Yellow Earth (Chen Kaige, China)
5. Full Moon in Paris (Eric Rohmer, France)
6. Once Upon a Time in America (Sergio Leone, Italy/United States)
7. My Friend Ivan Lapshin (Aleksei German, Soviet Union)
8. Long Arm of the Law (Johnny Mak, Hong Kong)
9. A Sunday in the Country (Bertrand Tavernier, France)
10. Streets of Fire (Walter Hill, United States)

1985
1. The Time to Live and the Time to Die (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. Taipei Story (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
3. Shoah (Claude Lanzmann, France)
4. Lost in America (Albert Brooks, United States)
5. Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (Paul Schrader, United States/ Japan)
6. No End (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
7. Vagabond (Agnès Varda, France)
8. Rendez-vous (André Téchiné, France)
9. The Runner (Amir Naderi, Iran)
10. Back to the Future (Robert Zemeckis, United States)

1986
1. The Green Ray/Summer (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. The Sacrifice (Andrei Tarkovsky, Sweden/United Kingdom/France)
3. Mélo (Alain Resnais, France)
4. Blue Velvet (David Lynch, United States)
5. Dust in the Wind (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
6. Peking Opera Blues (Tsui Hark, Hong Kong)
7. The Horse Thief (Tian Zhuangzhuang, China)
8. The Terrorizer (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
9. Down by Law (Jim Jarmusch, United States/West Germany)
10. Something Wild (Jonathan Demme, United States)

1987
1. Boyfriends and Girlfriends (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. Where is the Friend's House? (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
3. Yeelen (Souleymane Cissé, Mali/Burkina Faso/France/West Germany)
4. Daughter of the Nile (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
5. The Dead (John Huston, United Kingdom/Ireland/United States)
6. King of the Children (Chen Kaige, China)
7. Hope and Glory (John Boorman, United Kingdom)
8. Empire of the Sun (Steven Spielberg, United States)
9. Under the Sun of Satan (Maurice Pialat, France)
10. Wings of Desire (Wim Wenders, West Germany/France)

1988
1. Distant Voices, Still Lives (Terence Davies, United Kingdom)
2. My Neighbor Totoro (Hayao Miyazaki, Japan)
3. Damnation (Béla Tarr, Hungary)
4. Dead Ringers (David Cronenberg, Canada/United States)
5. Landscape in the Mist (Theo Angelopoulos, Greece/
France/Italy)
6. The Thin Blue Line (Errol Morris, United States)
7. Ariel (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland)
8. A Short Film About Love (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
9. Rouge (Stanley Kwan, Hong Kong)
10. A Tale of the Wind (Joris Ivens and Marceline Loridan, France/West Germany/United Kingdom/Netherlands)

1989
1. A City of Sadness (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. The Decalogue (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
3. The Asthenic Syndrome (Kira Muratova, Soviet Union)
4. Gang of Four (Jacques Rivette, France/Switzerland)
5. The Killer (John Woo, Hong Kong)
6. Recollections of the Yellow House (João César Monteiro, Portugal)
7. O Sangue (Pedro Costa, Portugal)
8. Revenge (Ermek Shinarbaev, Soviet Union)
9. Notebook on Cities & Clothes (Wim Wenders, West Germany/France)
10. Bashu, the Little Stranger (Bahram Beizai, Iran)

The Ten Best Films of the 1980s (in alphabetical order)
L'Argent (Robert Bresson, France)
Berlin Alexanderplatz (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
A City of Sadness (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
Distant Voices, Still Lives (Terence Davies, United Kingdom)
Francisca (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
The Green Ray/Summer (Eric Rohmer, France)
The Sacrifice (Andrei Tarkovsky, Sweden/United Kingdom/France)
Shoah (Claude Lanzmann, France)
Taipei Story (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
Three Crowns of the Sailor (Raoul Ruiz, France)

Flowers of Shanghai (1998)
1990
1. Close-up (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
2. An Angel at My Table (Jane Campion, Australia/United Kingdom/New Zealand)
3. No, or the Vainglory of Command (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/Spain)
4. To Sleep with Anger (Charles Burnett, United States)
5. Boiling Point (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
6. The Second Circle (Aleksandr Sokurov, Soviet Union)
7. White Hunter, Black Heart (Clint Eastwood, United States)
8. Nouvelle Vague (Jean-Luc Godard, Switzerland/France)
9. A Tale of Springtime (Eric Rohmer, France)
10. The Match Factory Girl (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/Sweden)

1991
1. A Brighter Summer Day (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
2. Days of Being Wild (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
3. The Double Life of Veronique (Krzysztof Kieslowski, France/
Poland/Norway)
4. La Belle Noiseuse (Jacques Rivette, France/Switzerland)
5. Van Gogh (Maurice Pialat, France)
6. The Stranger (Satyajit Ray, India/France)
7. A Scene at the Sea (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
8. Defending Your Life (Albert Brooks, United States)
9. Side/Walk/Shuttle (Ernie Gehr, United States)
10. Life is Sweet (Mike Leigh, United Kingdom)

1992
1. The Quince Tree Sun (Victor Erice, Spain)
2. Life and Nothing More... (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
3. Centre Stage (Stanley Kwan, Hong Kong)
4. The Long Day Closes (Terence Davies, United Kingdom)
5. Unforgiven (Clint Eastwood, United States)
6. Guelwaar (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal/France/Germany)
7. A Tale of Winter (Eric Rohmer, France)
8. Lessons of Darkness (Werner Herzog, Germany/France/United Kingdom)
9. Simple Men (Hal Hartley, United States/Italy/United Kingdom)
10. Hyenas (Djibril Diop Mambéty, Senegal)

1993
1. Abraham's Valley (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/
Switzerland)
2. A Perfect World (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. The Puppetmaster (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
4. Sonatine (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
5. D'Est (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France/Portugal)
6. Naked (Mike Leigh, United Kingdom)
7. The Blue Kite (Tian Zhuangzhuang, China/Hong Kong)
8. Groundhog Day (Harold Ramis, United States)
9. Calendar (Atom Egoyan, Armenia/Canada/Germany)
10. Sopyonje (Im Kwon-taek, South Korea)

1994
1. Through the Olive Trees (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran/France)
2. Sátántangó (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Germany/Switzerland)
3. Chungking Express (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
4. Vive L'Amour (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
5. Cold Water (Olivier Assayas, France)
6. Pulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, United States)
7. JLG/JLG (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
8. Exotica (Atom Egoyan, Canada)
9. Take Care of Your Scarf, Tatjana (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/
Germany)
10. Joan the Maid (Jacques Rivette, France)

1995
1. Fallen Angels (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
2. Dead Man (Jim Jarmusch, United States/Germany/Japan)
3. The Bridges of Madison County (Clint Eastwood, United States)
4. Before Sunrise (Richard Linklater, United States/Austria/
Switzerland)
5. Heat (Michael Mann, United States)
6. La Ceremonie (Claude Chabrol, France/Germany)
7. The Convent (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France)
8. Rendezvous in Paris (Eric Rohmer, France)
9. The White Balloon (Jafar Panahi, Iran)
10. Whisper of the Heart (Yoshifumi Kondô, Japan)

1996
1. Goodbye South, Goodbye (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. The Portrait of a Lady (Jane Campion, United Kingdom/United States)
3. Crash (David Cronenberg, Canada/United States)
4. My Sex Life... or How I Got into an Argument (Arnaud Desplechin, France)
5. Breaking the Waves (Lars von Trier, Demark/Sweden/France/
Netherlands/Norway/Iceland)
6. Drifting Clouds (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland)
7. Mother (Albert Brooks, United States)
8. Tierra (Julio Medem, Spain)
9. Big Night (Campbell Scott and Stanley Tucci, United States)
10. A Moment of Innocence (Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Iran/France)

1997
1. Taste of Cherry (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
2. Mother and Son (Aleksandr Sokurov, Germany/Russia)
3. Hana-bi/Fireworks (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
4. L.A. Confidential (Curtis Hanson, United States)
5. Fragments * Jerusalem (Ron Havilio, Israel)
6. The River (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
7. Same Old Song (Alain Resnais, France/Switzerland/United Kingdom)
8. Cure (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan)
9. Ulee's Gold (Victor Nunez, United States)
10. Ossos (Pedro Costa, Portugal/France/Denmark)

1998
1. Flowers of Shanghai (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. The Thin Red Line (Terrence Malick, United States)
3. An Autumn Tale (Eric Rohmer, France)
4. Inquietude (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/Spain/
Switzerland)
5. The Hole (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
6. Rushmore (Wes Anderson, United States)
7. The Power of Kangwon Province (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
8. There's Something About Mary (Bobby & Peter Farrelly, United States)
9. After Life (Hirokazu Kore-eda, Japan)
10. Dil Se.. (Mani Ratnam, India)

1999
1. The Wind Will Carry Us (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran/France)
2. Eyes Wide Shut (Stanley Kubrick, United States/United Kingdom)
3. Time Regained (Raoul Ruiz, France/Italy/Portugal)
4. Beau Travail (Claire Denis, France)
5. Gohatto/Taboo (Nagisa Oshima, Japan/France/United Kingdom)
6. Rosetta (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, France/Belgium)
7. Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai (Jim Jarmusch, France/Germany/United States/Japan)
8. The Letter (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Spain/Portugal)
9. Magnolia (Paul Thomas Anderson, United States)
10. Clouds of May (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey)

The Ten Best Films of the 1990s (in alphabetical order)
Abraham's Valley (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/
France/Switzerland)
A Brighter Summer Day (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
Centre Stage (Stanley Kwan, Hong Kong)
Days of Being Wild (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
Flowers of Shanghai (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
A Perfect World (Clint Eastwood, United States)
The Quince Tree Sun (Victor Erice, Spain)
Sátántangó (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Germany/Switzerland)
The Thin Red Line (Terrence Malick, United States)
Through the Olive Trees (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran/France)

Blissfully Yours (2002)
2000
1. Werckmeister Harmonies (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Italy/Germany/
France)
2. Yi Yi (Edward Yang, Taiwan/Japan)
3. The House of Mirth (Terence Davies, United Kingdom/France/
Germany/United States)
4. In the Mood for Love (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong/
France/Thailand)
5. Platform (Jia Zhangke, China/Hong Kong/Japan/France)
6. Eureka (Shinji Aoyama, Japan)
7. The Circle (Jafar Panahi, Iran/Switzerland/Italy)
8. Wonder Boys (Curtis Hanson, United States)
9. Songs from the Second Floor (Roy Andersson, Sweden/
Norway/Finland)
10. Virgin Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)

2001
1. I'm Going Home (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Portugal)
2. Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, United States/France)
3. Spirited Away (Hayao Miyazaki, Japan)
4. The Lady and the Duke (Eric Rohmer, France)
5. The Royal Tenenbaums (Wes Anderson, United States)
6. La Libertad (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina)
7. Millennium Mambo (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan/France)
8. Pistol Opera (Seijuin Suzuki, Japan)
9. The Fast Runner (Atanarjuat) (Zacharias Kunuk, Canada)
10. La Ciénaga (Lucrecia Martel, Argentina/France/Spain)

2002
1. Russian Ark (Aleksandr Sokurov, Russia/Germany)
2. Ten (Abbas Kiarostami, France/Iran/United States)
3. Blissfully Yours (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/France)
4. Talk to Her (Pedro Almodóvar, Spain)
5. The Son (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, Belgium/France)
6. Friday Night (Claire Denis, France)
7. Spider (David Cronenberg, Canada/United Kingdom)
8. Springtime in a Small Town (Tian Zhuangzhuang, China/Hong Kong/France/Netherlands)
9. Unknown Pleasures (Jia Zhangke, China/South Korea/France/
Japan)
10. The Uncertainty Principle (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/
France)

2003
1. Goodbye Dragon Inn (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
2. Mystic River (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. The Story of Marie and Julien (Jacques Rivette, France/Italy)
4. Zatôichi (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
5. Crimson Gold (Jafar Panahi, Iran)
6. Café Lumière (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Japan/Taiwan)
7. A Talking Picture (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/Italy)
8. Doppelgänger (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan)
9. Ana and the Others (Celina Murga, Argentina)
10. Come and Go (João César Monteiro, Portugal/France)

2004
1. Tropical Malady (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/
France/Germany/Italy)
2. Million Dollar Baby (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. 2046 (Wong Kar-wai, China/France/Germany/Hong Kong)
4. Collateral (Michael Mann, United States)
5. Los Muertos (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina/France/
Netherlands/Switzerland)
6. Innocence (Lucile Hadzihalilovic, Belgium/France/United Kingdom)
7. The World (Jia Zhangke, China/Japan/France)
8. Before Sunset (Richard Linklater, United States)
9. Kings and Queen (Arnaud Desplechin, France)
10. 13 Lakes (James Benning, United States)

2005
1. A History of Violence (David Cronenberg, United States)
2. The Death of Mr. Lazarescu (Cristi Puiu, Romania)
3. The Sun (Aleksandr Sokurov, Russia/France/Italy/Switzerland)
4. The New World (Terrence Malick, United States)
5. Caché (Michael Haneke, France/Austria/Germany/Italy)
6. Three Times (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
7. L'Enfant (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, Belgium/France)
8. Oxhide (Liu Jiayin, China)
9. Grizzly Man (Werner Herzog, United States)
10. Linda Linda Linda (Nobuhiro Yamashita, Japan)

2006
1. Syndromes and a Century (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/France/Austria)
2. Private Fears in Public Places (Alain Resnais, France/Italy)
3. Still Life (Jia Zhangke, China/Hong Kong)
4. Déjà Vu (Tony Scott, United States)
5. Longing (Valeska Grisebach, Germany)
6. Climates (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey/France)
7. Colossal Youth (Pedro Costa, Portugal/France/Switzerland)
8. Kodak (Tacita Dean, United Kingdom/France/United States)
9. Woman on the Beach (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
10. Opera Jawa (Garin Nugroho, Indonesia/Austria)

2007
1. Flight of the Red Balloon (Hou Hsiao-hsien, France)
2. Silent Light (Carlos Reygadas, Mexico/France/Netherlands/
Germany)
3. Zodiac (David Fincher, United States)
4. The Romance of Astrea and Celadon (Eric Rohmer, France/
Italy/Spain)
5. In the City of Sylvia (José Luis Guerín, Spain)
6. Eastern Promises (David Cronenberg, United Kingdom/Canada/
United States)
7. The Darjeeling Limited (Wes Anderson, United States)
8. Fengming: A Chinese Memoir (Wang Bing, China)
9. The Duchess of Langeais (Jacques Rivette, France/Italy)
10. RR (James Benning, United States/Germany)

2008
1. The Headless Woman (Lucrecia Martel, Argentina/France/
Italy/Spain)
2. Tokyo Sonata (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan)
3. Summer Hours (Olivier Assayas, France)
4. Liverpool (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina/France/Netherlands/
Germany/Spain)
5. Shirin (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
6. Two Lovers (James Gray, United States)
7. 35 Shots of Rum (Claire Denis, France/Germany)
8. A Christmas Tale (Arnaud Desplechin, France)
9. Our Beloved Month of August (Miguel Gomes, Portugal/France)
10. Sparrow (Johnnie To, Hong Kong)

2009
1. Everyone Else (Maren Ade, Germany)
2. Police, Adjective (Corneliu Porumboiu, Romania)
3. White Material (Claire Denis, France/Cameroon)
4. The Limits of Control (Jim Jarmusch, United States/Japan)
5. Fantastic Mr. Fox (Wes Anderson, United States) 
6. I Am Love (Luca Guadagnino, Italy)
7. Around a Small Mountain (Jacques Rivette, France/Italy)
8. Bright Star (Jane Campion, United Kingdom/Australia/France)
9. Oxhide II (Liu Jiayin, China)
10. Hadewijch (Bruno Dumont, France)

The Ten Best Films of the 2000s (in alphabetical order)
Blissfully Yours (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/France)
Flight of the Red Balloon (Hou Hsiao-hsien, France)
Goodbye Dragon Inn (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
I'm Going Home (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Portugal)
Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, United States/France)
Mystic River (Clint Eastwood, United States)
Russian Ark (Aleksandr Sokurov, Russia/Germany)
Ten (Abbas Kiarostami, France/Iran/United States)
Werckmeister Harmonies (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Italy/Germany/
France)
Yi Yi (Edward Yang, Taiwan/Japan)

Certified Copy (2010)
2010
1. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/United Kingdom/France/Germany/
Spain/Netherlands/United States)
2. Certified Copy (Abbas Kiarostami, France/Italy/Iran)
3. Mysteries of Lisbon (Raoul Ruiz, Portugal/France/Brazil)
4. Aurora (Cristi Puiu, Romania/France/Switzerland/Germany)
5. Tuesday, After Christmas (Radu Muntean, Romania)
6. The Social Network (David Fincher, United States)
7. Le Quattro Volte (Michelangelo Frammartino, Italy/Germany/
Switzerland)
8. My Joy (Sergei Loznitsa, Germany/Ukraine/Netherlands)
9. The Strange Case of Angélica (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/
Spain/France/Brazil)
10. Ha Ha Ha (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)

2011
1. Once Upon a Time in Anatolia (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey/
Bosnia and Herzegovina)
2. The Turin Horse (Béla Tarr and Ágnes Hranitzky, Hungary/
France/Germany/Switzerland/United States)
3. A Separation (Asghar Farhadi, Iran)
4. The Tree of Life (Terrence Malick, United States)
5. This Is Not a Film (Jafar Panahi and Mojtaba Mirtahmasb, Iran)
6. The Deep Blue Sea (Terence Davies, United Kingdom/United States)
7. Le Havre (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/France/Germany)
8. Drive (Nicolas Winding Refn, United States)
9. The Kid with a Bike (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, Belgium/
France/Italy)
10. Hugo (Martin Scorsese, United States)

2012
1. Holy Motors (Leos Carax, France/Germany)
2. Leviathan (Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Véréna Paravel, France/United Kingdom/United States)
3. Moonrise Kingdom (Wes Anderson, United States)
4. Barbara (Christian Petzold, Germany)
5. Tabu (Miguel Gomes, Portugal/Germany/Brazil/France)
6. Django Unchained (Quentin Tarantino, United States)
7. Neighboring Sounds (Kleber Mendonça Filho, Brazil)
8. You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet (Alain Resnais, France/Germany)
9. Beyond the Hills (Cristian Mungiu, Romania/France/Belgium)
10. In Another Country (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)