Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Ten Best Films of 2019

1. Vitalina Varela (Pedro Costa, Portugal)
Modeling its Cape Verdean immigrant actors in extreme chiaroscuro to almost sculptural, and always exquisitely beautiful effect, this film of the year is foremost an exercise in making visible the presence of its non-professional actors and Lisbon’s demolished Fontainhas neighborhood. At once concrete and unstable, Costa’s masterpiece is very much realism without naturalism.

2. Synonyms (Nadav Lapid, France/Israel/Germany)
From its exceptionally funny comedy-of-errors opening set piece featuring the very bare Tom Mercier, 2019’s biggest in-front-of-the-camera revelation, Synonyms startles and enthralls in equal measure. Already Israel’s most interesting living filmmaker with the 2014 release of The Kindergarten Teacher, Lapid’s autobiographical opus changes the conversation for the filmmaker.

3. To the Ends of the Earth (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan/Uzbekistan/ Qatar)
One of 2019’s most unexpected authorial turns, the latest from Japan’s horror maestro operates, to extraordinary effect, within an idiom very close to that of Abbas Kiarostami. Yet, this funny and moving humanistic ode to cross-cultural understanding, set in Uzbekistan, does not stop with the Iranian’s art cinema as it becomes something more like The Sound of Music in its joyous final moments.

4. I Was At Home, But… (Angela Schanelec, Germany/Serbia)
In this long overdue festival-circuit breakthrough from the Berlin School’s most experimental and rigorous auteur, the filmmaker’s narrative eliminations point the way toward a cinema where psychological interpretation is unavailable and the only answer is the questions asked. Schanelec is a true heir to French great Robert Bresson. who nonetheless has found her own personal path.

5. Martin Eden (Pietro Marcello, Italy/France/Germany)
Unresolved though this Italian Jack London adaptation may be in its period, Marcello’s major leap forward still manages to express its 1970s aesthetic inspiration with crystal clarity, thanks especially to the director’s choice of 16mm stock. Socialist in its rhetoric, Martin Eden is also dizzyingly romantic on all levels—in its camera movements, editing, and in the chemistry of its beautiful cast.

6. Atlantics (Mati Diop, France/Senegal/Belgium)
Expansively African in its discourse and details, from the film’s inscriptions of rapid urbanization to its migrant maritime tragedies and even its possession rituals, Diop has made one of that continent’s best in ages. This poetic hybrid of social drama and zombie fiction, shot by the under forty niece of Africa’s iconic director Djibril Diop Mambéty, is the easy choice for 2019’s top world debut.

7. Parasite (Bong Joon Ho, South Korea)
Speaking of easy choices, no other film has had the universal impact of Bong’s mid-career best, Parasite. Lauded and debated for its politics—defined by the scarcity of economic resources shared by the film’s literally lower class and the disproportionate impact of the climate crisis—Parasite is also one of the year’s most satisfying and pleasurable watches, propelled by Bong’s sterling script.

8. Zombi Child (Bertrand Bonello, France)
Crisscrossing between 1960s Haiti and present-day Paris, this high-art zombie feature identifies the roots of the un-dead archetype in Transatlantic slavery, serves as immigrant provocation, and still functions as coming-of-age sexual allegory. This is all to say that Bonello’s latest is big on ideas, despite its small, b-picture feel, embossed with I Walked with a Zombie’s day-for-night artistry.

9. Tommaso (Abel Ferrara, Italy/Greece/United States)
Made with only the thinnest veneer of fiction, Ferrara's elegant foray into 8 1/2-styled autobiography finds the American auteur in an especially introspective moment, making expert use of the filmmaker's close friend Willem Dafoe as his late-middle-aged, twelve-step cipher. One of the director's better films, Tommaso uniquely was released in advance of its 'making of' object, 2020's lesser Siberia.

10. The Whistlers (Corneliu Porumboiu, Romania/France/Germany/ Sweden)
Romanian powerhouse Porumboiu makes his Classical Hollywood throwback, complete with a Gilda—and noir’s jumbled chronology. Still, The Whistlers features all the markers of the director’s inimitable art-house idiom: returning are the surveillance born of Romanian experience, an engagement with different forms of language (here, a whistling variety), and even the motif of hidden treasure.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Ten Best FIlms of the 2010s

The Assassin (Hou Hsiao-hsien, 2015, Taiwan/China/Hong Kong/
The first new feature in eight years by one of the medium's greatest artists, and one 2015's most outstanding achievements, The Assassin masterfully pursues its super-cinematic fetish to the point of conceptual exhaustion: rippling silks, a flickering candle, a fluttering branch. Hou returns to cinema's first source of spectacle in this lavishly detailed portrait of invisible presence.

Certified Copy (Abbas Kiarostami, 2010, France/Italy/Iran)
For Kiarostami's first fiction feature shot outside his native Iran, the director makes explicit the European sources (especially Rossellini and Resnais) of his half-neorealist, half-modernist idiom, while adding a new dimension to his art: a heretofore forbidden sensuality that as always relies upon spectator participation.  A major return to narrative form for Kiarostami, and the best of the recent spate of Asian-made European art films.

An Elephant Sitting Still (Hu Bo, 2018, China)
An Elephant Sitting Still’s massive achievement resides in the crystalline clarity of first-time feature-filmmaker Hu's worldview, of his unshakable insistence on the irredeemable quality of life in contemporary China. Shot in a series of artfully mobile, shallow-focus long takes that collectively convey the inter-connectedness of his characters' tragic fates, Hu's novelistic opus is one of cinema's great what-ifs--a masterpiece completed just before the filmmaker's suicide. It also may be the best film from Mainland China this decade.

La Flor (Mariano Llinás, 2018, Argentina)
In a year of epic-length achievements, nothing could match the scale or scope of this 14-hour shapeshifter from the south. Protean in its survey of language in its many forms, both linguistic and cinematic, La Flor is first and foremost a film of its four female leads' faces, obsessively captured by Llinás. Equally a film about genres, cinematic again but also painterly, the face gives way to bathers and landscapes, up to and through a 40-minute credit sequence set on the bottom of the globe.

Li'l Quinquin (Bruno Dumont, 2014, France)
Dumont provides a masterclass in contradiction and tonal contrast throughout his four involving parts: the extreme violence of the crimes finds a bedfellow in frequent moments of levity and humor –many of which are a consequence of the film’s bumbling investigators; seriousness pairs with absurdity; and the sacred is brought into comic contact with the profane, especially in a first-part funeral passage that seems to confirm many a famous (and less than flattering) adage about small-town vicars. Once criticized for the bleakness of his worldview–as with 1999 Cannes prize-winner Humanité–Dumont, in Li’l Quinquin, has come to seize upon a rhetoric of comedic contradiction that nonetheless maintains his former outlook.

Once Upon a Time in Anatolia (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, 2011, Turkey/Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Ceylan synthetically constructs his portrait of bi-continental Turkish national identity from the tissues of high-modernist European and Middle Eastern masters, from the metaphysical phantasmagoria of Tarkovsky to the cosmological landscapes of Kiarostami. With the sun setting on the autumnal latter, Once Upon a Time in Anatolia descends into an endless digital expanse of sensual blacks, cut by glowing high-beams, which in turn will give way to an unforgettable gas-lit interlude. Ceylan's latest, easily his best, is 2011's most inexhaustible work of cinema.

A Quiet Passion (Terence Davies, 2016, United Kingdom/Belgium)
Premiering out of competition at last February’s Berlin Film Festival, A Quiet Passion was almost singular this year in its concern for the inner life of its protagonist. This heartrending Emily Dickinson biopic, starring Cynthia Nixon in a career-best performance, was also the year’s most bitterly–and courageously–personal piece of auteur filmmaker, an emotionally overwhelming confessional object from Davies (Distant Voices, Still LivesSunset Song), the greatest poet of the British screen since Humphrey Jennings.

Sieranevada (Cristi Puiu, 2016, Romania)
After a virtuosically choreographed, pre-credits long-take that ranks among the year’s most exceptional sequences, Romanian master Puiu sets up inside a Bucharest flat, his camera moving from room to room as he maps a cavernous domestic space, complicated familial relationships, and the history, politics, and religious attitudes of the post-Communist nation. The director’s darkly comedic reinterpretation of the chamber drama feels sui generis, even as it proves to be the natural extension of the occluded, outside-the-threshold aesthetic of his 2010 feature Aurora.

The Turin Horse (Béla Tarr and Ágnes Hranitzky, 2011, Hungary/
France/Germany/Switzerland/United States)
Purportedly Hungarian master Tarr's final film, The Turin Horse provides the most distilled expression of the director's style to date: Tarr's heavily choreographed, phenomenological long-takes bleakly inscribe a series of quotidian gestures on a perpetually windswept Central European plane. No less signature is Tarr's Nietzschean take on a European civilization that has already collapsed. This is Tarr bringing both his corpus and Europe's fin de siècle late modernism - in form and in content - to a highly masterful conclusion.

Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2010, Thailand/United Kingdom/France/Germany/ Spain/Netherlands/United States)
In what is likely the Thai auteur's greatest achievement to date, Apichatpong explores not only the past lives and origins of his terminal lead, but also those of his own cinematic career - and even of his chosen medium (down to a Platonic shadow-play) - constructing a dense web of self-reference that transforms the filmmaker's reincarnation narrative into a comprehensive career reexamination.  Uncle Boonmee is the best new film in years.

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

Ten Best Films: 1930-2019

Make Way for Tomorrow (1937)
1. Morocco (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
2. Earth (Aleksandr Dovzhenko, Soviet Union)
3. The Dawn Patrol (Howard Hawks, United States)
4. Her Man (Tay Garnett, United States)
5. Laughter (Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast, United States)
6. L'Âge d'or (Luis Buñuel, France)
7. The Blood of a Poet (Jean Cocteau, France)
8. Prix de Beauté (Augusto Genina, France)
9. Under the Roofs of Paris (René Clair, France)
10. The Blue Angel (Josef von Sternberg, Germany)

1. M (Fritz Lang, Germany)
2. Tabu: A Story of the South Seas (F. W. Murnau and Robert Flaherty, United States)
3. City Lights (Charles Chaplin, United States)
4. À nous la liberté (René Clair, France)
5. Dishonored (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
6. Blonde Crazy (Roy Del Ruth, United States)
7. La Chienne (Jean Renoir, France)
8. The Criminal Code (Howard Hawks, United States)
9. Le Million (René Clair, France)
10. Marius (Alexander Korda, France)

1. Trouble in Paradise (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
2. Scarface (Howard Hawks, United States)
3. Boudu Saved from Drowning (Jean Renoir, France)
4. I Was Born, But... (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
5. Me and My Gal (Raoul Walsh, United States)
6. Love Me Tonight (Rouben Mamoulian, United States)
7. The Man I Killed (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
8. The Old Dark House (James Whale, United States)
9. Back Street (John M. Stahl, United States)
10. Hot Saturday (William A. Seiter, United States)

1. Woman of Tokyo (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
2. Liebelei (Max Ophüls, Germany/Austria)
3. The Bitter Tea of General Yen (Frank Capra, United States)
4. Hallelujah, I'm a Bum! (Lewis Milestone, United States)
5. Man's Castle (Frank Borzage, United States)
6. Zero for Conduct (Jean Vigo, France)
7. Bombshell (Victor Fleming, United States)
8. The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (Fritz Lang, Germany)
9. Topaze (Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast, United States)
10. Sons of the Desert (William A. Seiter, United States)

1. La Signora di tutti (Max Ophüls, Italy)
2. L'Atalante (Jean Vigo, France)
3. The Scarlet Empress (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
4. Twentieth Century (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Story of Floating Weeds (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
6. Judge Priest (John Ford, United States)
7. Man of Aran (Robert Flaherty, United Kingdom)
8. The Goddess (Wu Yonggang, China)
9. The Merry Widow (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
10. Little Man, What Now? (Frank Borzage, United States)

1. Ruggles of Red Gap (Leo McCarey, United States)
2. Wife! Be Like a Rose! (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
3. The 39 Steps (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
4. Steamboat 'Round the Bend (John Ford, United States)
5. Pot Worth a Million Ryo (Yamanaka Sadao, Japan)
6. The Devil is a Woman (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
7. An Inn at Tokyo (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
8. Bride of Frankenstein (James Whale, United States)
9. The Wedding Night (King Vidor, United States)
10. Crime and Punishment (Josef von Sternberg, United States)

1. By the Bluest of Seas (Boris Barnet, Soviet Union)
2. Sisters of the Gion (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
3. The Crime of Monsieur Lange (Jean Renoir, France)
4. A Day in the Country (Jean Renoir, France)
5. Story of a Cheat (Sacha Guitry, France)
6. Ceiling Zero (Howard Hawks, United States)
7. Mr. Thank You (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)
8. Rose Hobart (Joseph Cornell, United States)
9. Osaka Elegy (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
10. Modern Times (Charles Chaplin, United States)

1. Make Way for Tomorrow (Leo McCarey, United States)
2. The Awful Truth (Leo McCarey, United States)
3. Angel (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
4. The Straits of Love and Hate (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
5. You Only Live Once (Fritz Lang, United States)
6. Humanity and Paper Balloons (Yamanaka Sadao, Japan)
7. Stella Dallas (King Vidor, United States)
8. Young and Innocent (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
9. Easy Living (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
10. The Great Garrick (James Whale, United States)

1. Bringing Up Baby (Howard Hawks, United States)
2. The Lady Vanishes (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
3. Olympia (Leni Riefenstahl, Germany)
4. You and Me (Fritz Lang, United States)
5. La Bête humaine (Jean Renoir, France)
6. Flowers Have Fallen (Tamizo Ishida, Japan)
7. Four Daughters (Michael Curtiz, United States)
8. Holiday (George Cukor, United States)
9. The Baker's Wife (Marcel Pagnol, France)
10. The Masseurs and a Woman (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)

1. The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. The Rules of the Game (Jean Renoir, France)
3. Stagecoach (John Ford, United States)
4. Only Angels Have Wings (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Love Affair (Leo McCarey, United States)
6. Midnight (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
7. Ninotchka (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
8. Young Mr. Lincoln (John Ford, United States)
9. The Roaring Twenties (Raoul Walsh, United States)
10. The Whole Family Works (Mikio Naruse, Japan)

The Ten Best Films of the 1930s (in alphabetical order)
L'Atalante (Jean Vigo, France)
By the Bluest of Seas (Boris Barnet, Soviet Union)
Make Way for Tomorrow (Leo McCarey, United States)
The Rules of the Game (Jean Renoir, France)
Scarface (Howard Hawks, United States)
The Scarlet Empress (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
La Signora di tutti (Max Ophüls, Italy)
The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
Trouble in Paradise (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
Woman of Tokyo (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)

A Matter of Life and Death (1946)
1. The Shop Around the Corner (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
2. His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, United States)
3. The Great Dictator (Charles Chaplin, United States)
4. Remember the Night (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
5. Rebecca (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
6. The Philadelphia Story (George Cukor, United States)
7. Pinocchio (Hamilton Luske and Ben Sharpsteen, United States)
8. The Mortal Storm (Frank Borzage, United States)
9. Foreign Correspondent (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
10. London Can Take It! (Humphrey Jennings, United Kingdom)

1. How Green Was My Valley (John Ford, United States)
2. Citizen Kane (Orson Welles, United States)
3. Sullivan's Travels (Preston Sturges, United States)
4. Hellzapoppin' (H. C. Potter, United States)
5. Ornamental Hairpin (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)
6. Remorques (Jean Grémillon, France)
7. The Devil and Daniel Webster (William Dieterle, United States)
8. Hold Back the Dawn (Mitchell Leisen, United States)
9. The Shanghai Gesture (Josef von Sternberg, United States)
10. Suspicion (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)

1. The Magnificent Ambersons (Orson Welles, United States)
2. Listen to Britain (Humphrey Jennings and Stewart McAllister, United Kingdom)
3. Aniki Bóbó (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
4. There Was a Father (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
5. Cat People (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
6. The Palm Beach Story (Preston Sturges, United States)
7. Went the Day Well? (Alberto Cavalcanti, United Kingdom)
8. The Loyal 47 Ronin (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
9. To Be or Not to Be (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
10. Gentleman Jim (Raoul Walsh, United States)

1. Day of Wrath (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
2. The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
3. Shadow of a Doubt (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. I Walked with a Zombie (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
5. Meshes of the Afternoon (Maya Deren and Alexander Hammid, United States)
6. Les Anges du péché (Robert Bresson, France)
7. Air Force (Howard Hawks, United States)
8. Ossessione (Luchino Visconti, Italy)
9. Heaven Can Wait (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
10. Wild Flower (Emilio Fernández, Mexico)

1. Ivan the Terrible (Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet Union)
2. To Have and Have Not (Howard Hawks, United States)
3. Meet Me in St. Louis (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
4. Laura (Otto Preminger, United States)
5. Lifeboat (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
6. The Miracle of Morgan's Creek (Preston Sturges, United States)
7. María Candelaria (Emilio Fernández, Mexico)
8. Hail the Conquering Hero (Preston Sturges, United States)
9. At Land (Maya Deren, United States)
10. The Curse of the Cat People (Robert Wise and Gunther von Fritsch, United States)

1. Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (Robert Bresson, France)
2. They Were Expendible (John Ford, United States)
3. Rome, Open City (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
4. Leave Her to Heaven (John M. Stahl, United States)
5. The Southerner (Jean Renoir, United States)
6. Children of Paradise (Marcel Carné, France)
7. I Know Where I'm Going! (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
8. The Clock (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
9. Detour (Edgar G. Ulmer, United States)
10. The Bells of St. Mary's (Leo McCarey, United States)

1. My Darling Clementine (John Ford, United States)
2. A Matter of Life and Death (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
3. Notorious (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. Paisan (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
5. Canyon Passage (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
6. Utamaro and His Five Women (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
7. Cluny Brown (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
8. Beauty and the Beast (Jean Cocteau, France)
9. The Girl I Loved (Keisuke Kinoshita, Japan)
10. The Best Years of Our Lives (William Wyler, United States)

1. Monsieur Verdoux (Charles Chaplin, United States)
2. Antoine and Antoinette (Jacques Becker, France)
3. Black Narcissus (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
4. The Love of Sumako the Actress (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
5. Record of a Tenement Gentleman (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
6. Out of the Past (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
7. The Exile (Max Ophüls, United States)
8. The Lady from Shanghai (Orson Welles, United States)
9. The Unsuspected (Michael Curtiz, United States)
10. Phoenix (Keisuke Kinoshita, Japan)

1. Letter from an Unknown Woman (Max Ophüls, United States)
2. Spring in a Small Town (Fei Mu, China)
3. La Terra Trema (Luchino Visconti, Italy)
4. Red River (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Germany Year Zero (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
6. Fort Apache (John Ford, United States)
7. Children of the Beehive (Hiroshi Shimizu, Japan)
8. Moonrise (Frank Borzage, United States)
9. The Red Shoes (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
10. They Live by Night (Nicholas Ray, United States)

1. Late Spring (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
2. Kind Hearts and Coronets (Robert Hamer, United Kingdom)
3. Crows and Sparrows (Zheng Junli, China)
4. I Was a Male War Bride (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. White Heat (Raoul Walsh, United States)
6. Rendezvous in July (Jacques Becker, France)
7. The Reckless Moment (Max Ophüls, United States)
8. Mahal (Kamal Amrohi, India)
9. The Third Man (Carol Reed, United Kingdom)
10. Andaz (Mehboob Khan, India)

The Ten Best Films of the 1940s (in alphabetical order)
Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (Robert Bresson, France)
Day of Wrath (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, United States)
Ivan the Terrible (Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet Union)
Late Spring (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
Letter from an Unknown Woman (Max Ophüls, United States)
A Matter of Life and Death (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, United Kingdom)
My Darling Clementine (John Ford, United States)
The Shop Around the Corner (Ernst Lubitsch, United States)
Spring in a Small Town (Fei Mu, China)

Sansho the Bailiff (1954)
1. The Flowers of St. Francis (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
2. Orpheus (Jean Cocteau, France)
3. Stars in My Crown (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
4. Wagonmaster (John Ford, United States)
5. Gun Crazy (Joseph H. Lewis, United States)
6. Winchester '73 (Anthony Mann, United States)
7. La Ronde (Max Ophüls, France)
8. Born to Be Bad (Nicholas Ray, United States)
9. In a Lonely Place (Nicholas Ray, United States)
10. The Gunfighter (Henry King, United States)

1. Early Summer (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
2. The River (Jean Renoir, France/India/United States)
3. Diary of a Country Priest (Robert Bresson, France)
4. Awaara (Raj Kapoor, India)
5. Édouard and Caroline (Jacques Becker, France)
6. The Man in the White Suit (Alexander Mackendrick, United Kingdom)
7. Ace in the Hole (Billy Wilder, United States)
8. The Thing From Another World (Christian Nyby, United States)
9. Strangers on a Train (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
10. The Prowler (Joseph Losey, United States)

1. The Life of Oharu (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. Limelight (Charles Chaplin, United States)
3. Él (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
4. Monkey Business (Howard Hawks, United States)
5. Le Plaisir (Max Ophüls, France)
6. Singin’ in the Rain (Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, United States)
7. Rancho Notorious (Fritz Lang, United States)
8. Mother (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
9. On Dangerous Ground (Nicholas Ray, United States)
10. Europa '51 (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)

1. Ugetsu Monogatari (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. The Earrings of Madame de... (Max Ophüls, France/Italy)
3. Tokyo Story (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
4. The Sun Shines Bright (John Ford, United States)
5. Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday (Jacques Tati, France)
6. The Big Heat (Fritz Lang, United States)
7. The Band Wagon (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
8. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (Howard Hawks, United States)
9. The Golden Coach (Jean Renoir, France/Italy)
10. The Naked Spur (Anthony Mann, United States)

1. Sansho the Bailiff (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
2. Rear Window (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
3. Voyage in Italy (Roberto Rossellini, Italy/France)
4. A Star is Born (George Cukor, United States)
5. Sound of the Mountain (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
6. Chikamatsu Monogatari (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
7. Johnny Guitar (Nicholas Ray, United States)
8. Late Chrysanthemums (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
9. The Seven Samurai (Akira Kurosawa, Japan)
10. Track of the Cat (William A. Wellman, United States)

1. Ordet (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
2. Floating Clouds (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
3. Pather Panchali (Satyajit Ray, India)
4. Lola Montès (Max Ophüls, France/West Germany)
5. The Night of the Hunter (Charles Laughton, United States)
6. Mr. Arkadin (Orson Welles, France/Spain/Switzerland)
7. Wichita (Jacques Tourneur, United States)
8. The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
9. French Cancan (Jean Renoir, France/Italy)
10. Kiss Me Deadly (Robert Aldrich, United States)

1. The Searchers (John Ford, United States)
2. A Man Escaped (Robert Bresson, France)
3. Streets of Shame (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
4. Bigger Than Life (Nicholas Ray, United States)
5. Written on the Wind (Douglas Sirk, United States)
6. There's Always Tomorrow (Douglas Sirk, United States)
7. Seven Men from Now (Budd Boetticher, United States)
8. The Girl Can’t Help It (Frank Tashlin, United States)
9. The Killing (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
10. Crazed Fruit (Kô Nakahira, Japan)

1. Pyaasa (Guru Dutt, India)
2. Throne of Blood (Akira Kurosawa, Japan)
3. Wild Strawberries (Ingmar Bergman, Sweden)
4. Forty Guns (Samuel Fuller, United States)
5. A King in New York (Charles Chaplin, United States)
6. Nights of Cabiria (Federico Fellini, Italy/France)
7. Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (Frank Tashlin, United States)
8. Le Notti bianche (Luchino Visconti, Italy/France)
9. An Affair to Remember (Leo McCarey, United States)
10. The Tall T (Budd Boetticher, United States)

1. Vertigo (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
2. Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, United States)
3. Mon Oncle (Jacques Tati, France/Italy)
4. Ashes and Diamonds (Andrzej Wajda, Poland)
5. Anticipation of the Night (Stan Brakhage, United States)
6. Madhumati (Bimal Roy, India)
7. Man of the West (Anthony Mann, United States)
8. The Music Room (Satyajit Ray, India)
9. Some Came Running (Vincente Minnelli, United States)
10. Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys! (Leo McCarey, United States)

1. Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, United States)
2. Pickpocket (Robert Bresson, France)
3. North by Northwest (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. Hiroshima mon amour (Alain Resnais, France/Japan)
5. Kaagaz Ke Phool (Guru Dutt, India)
6. The World of Apu (Satyajit Ray, India)
7. Anatomy of a Murder (Otto Preminger, United States)
8. Nazarin (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
9. The Sign of Leo (Eric Rohmer, France)
10. The 400 Blows (François Truffaut, France)

The Ten Best Films of the 1950s (in alphabetical order)
Early Summer (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
The Earrings of Madame de... (Max Ophüls, France/Italy)
Floating Clouds (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
The Flowers of St. Francis (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
Ordet (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
Pickpocket (Robert Bresson, France)
Rear Window (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, United States)
Sansho the Bailiff (Kenji Mizoguchi, Japan)
The Searchers (John Ford, United States)

L'Avventura (1960)
1. L'Avventura (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)
2. Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
3. Breathless (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
4. When a Woman Ascends the Stairs (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
5. Wild River (Elia Kazan, United States)
6. The Cloud-Capped Star (Ritwik Ghatak, India)
7. The Apartment (Billy Wilder, United States)
8. La Dolce Vita (Federico Fellini, Italy/France)
9. The Savage Innocents (Nicholas Ray, France/Italy/United Kingdom)
10. The Housemaid (Kim Ki-Young, South Korea)

1. Lola (Jacques Demy, France/Italy)
2. Viridiana (Luis Buñuel, Spain/Mexico)
3. Il Posto (Ermanno Olmi, Italy)
4. Accattone (Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italy)
5. A Woman is a Woman (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Italy)
6. Alyonka (Boris Barnet, Soviet Union)
7. Two Daughters (Satyajit Ray, India)
8. The Aimless Bullet (Yoo Hyeon-Mok, South Korea)
9. A Wife Confesses (Yasuzo Masumura, Japan)
10. La Notte (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)

1. L'Eclisse (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)
2. An Autumn Afternoon (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
3. Hatari! (Howard Hawks, United States)
4. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (John Ford, United States)
5. The Trial of Joan of Arc (Robert Bresson, France)
6. The Exterminating Angel (Luis Buñuel, Mexico)
7. Cleo from 5 to 7 (Agnès Varda, France/Italy)
8. Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (Abrar Alvi, India)
9. La Jetée (Chris Marker, France)
10. My Life to Live (Jean-Luc Godard, France)

1. Contempt (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Italy)
2. Muriel (Alain Resnais, France/Italy)
3. The Leopard (Luchino Visconti, Italy/France)
4. I Fidanzati (Ermanno Olmi, Italy)
5. The House is Black (Forugh Farrokhzad, Iran)
6. The Birds (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
7. Winter Light (Ingmar Bergman, Sweden)
8. The Big City (Satyajit Ray, India)
9. Shock Corridor (Samuel Fuller, United States)
10. The Nutty Professor (Jerry Lewis, United States)

1. Gertrud (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
2. Charulata (Satyajit Ray, India)
3. Yearning (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
4. The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Jacques Demy, France/West Germany)
5. Diary of a Chambermaid (Luis Buñuel, France/Italy)
6. Marnie (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
7. Black God, White Devil (Glauber Rocha, Brazil)
8. The Gospel According to St. Matthew (Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italy/France)
9. Dry Summer (Metin Erksan, Turkey)
10. Intentions of Murder (Shohei Imamura, Japan)

1. Pierrot le fou (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Italy)
2. Dog Star Man (Stan Brakhage, United States)
3. Le Bonheur (Agnès Varda, France)
4. Black Girl (Ousmane Sembene, France/Senegal)
5. Bunny Lake is Missing (Otto Preminger, United Kingdom)
6. Guide (Vijay Anand, India)
7. Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors (Sergei Paradjanov, Soviet Union)
8. Outer and Inner Space (Andy Warhol, United States)
9. Chimes at Midnight (Orson Welles, Spain/Switzerland)
10. Yoyo (Pierre Étaix, France)

1. Au hasard Balthazar (Robert Bresson, France/Sweden)
2. Andrei Rublev (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
3. 7 Women (John Ford, United States)
4. The Rise to Power of Louis XIV (Roberto Rossellini, France)
5. Unsere Afrikareise/Our African Journey (Peter Kubelka, Austria)
6. Blow-Up (Michelangelo Antonioni, United Kingdom/Italy)
7. The Pornographers (Shohei Imamura, Japan)
8. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (Sergio Leone, Italy/Spain)
9. Daisies (Vera Chytilová, Czechoslovakia)
10. Tokyo Drifter (Seijun Suzuki, Japan)

1. Playtime (Jacques Tati, France)
2. The Young Girls of Rochefort (Jacques Demy, France)
3. Two or Three Things I Know About Her (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
4. The Red and the White (Miklós Jancsó, Hungary/Soviet Union)
5. Wavelength (Michael Snow, Canada)
6. Mouchette (Robert Bresson, France)
7. Scattered Clouds (Mikio Naruse, Japan)
8. Belle de jour (Luis Buñuel, France/Italy)
9. La Collectionneuse (Eric Rohmer, France)
10. Jewel Thief (Vijay Anand, India)

1. 2001: A Space Odyssey (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
2. Death by Hanging (Nagisa Oshima, Japan)
3. Once Upon a Time in the West (Sergio Leone, Italy/United States)
4. The Color of Pomegranates (Sergei Paradjanov, Soviet Union)
5. Memories of Underdevelopment (Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, Cuba)
6. The Chronicles of Anna Magdalena Bach (Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet, West Germany/Italy)
7. High School (Frederick Wiseman, United States)
8. Faces (John Cassavetes, United States)
9. Carry On... Up the Khyber (Gerald Thomas, United Kingdom)
10. Witchfinder General (Michael Reeves, United Kingdom)

1. My Night at Maud's (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. Boy (Nagisa Oshima, Japan)
3. L'Amour fou (Jacques Rivette, France)
4. The Unfaithful Wife (Claude Chabrol, France/Italy)
5. Antonio das Mortes (Glauber Rocha, Brazil/France/West Germany)
6. Katzelmacher (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
7. Kes (Ken Loach, United Kingdom)
8. The Structure of Crystal (Krzysztof Zanussi, Poland)
9. Le grand amour (Pierre Étaix, France)
10. Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son (Ken Jacobs, United States)

The Ten Best Films of the 1960s (in alphabetical order)
Au hasard Balthazar (Robert Bresson, France/Sweden)
An Autumn Afternoon (Yasujiro Ozu, Japan)
Charulata (Satyajit Ray, India)
L'Eclisse (Michelangelo Antonioni, Italy/France)
Gertrud (Carl Theodor Dreyer, Denmark)
My Night at Maud's (Eric Rohmer, France)
Playtime (Jacques Tati, France)
Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
Two or Three Things I Know About Her (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
The Young Girls of Rochefort (Jacques Demy, France)

Celine and Julie Go Boating (1974)
1. Claire's Knee (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. Tristana (Luis Buñuel, Spain/France/Italy)
3. The Little Theater of Jean Renoir (Jean Renoir, France/Italy)
4. The Conformist (Bernardo Bertolucci, Italy/France/West Germany)
5. Le Cercle rouge (Jean-Pierre Melville, France/Italy)
6. There Once Was a Singing Blackbird (Otar Iosseliani, Soviet Union)
7. Serene Velocity (Ernie Gehr, United States)
8. Le Boucher (Claude Chabrol, France/Italy)
9. The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (Billy Wilder, United Kingdom)
10. A Swedish Love Story (Roy Andersson, Sweden)

1. Out 1: Noli me Tangere (Jacques Rivette, France)
2. La Région centrale (Michael Snow, Canada)
3. (nostalgia) (Hollis Frampton, United States)
4. The Ceremony (Nagisa Oshima, Japan)
5. Four Nights of a Dreamer (Robert Bresson, France)
6. The House in the Woods (Maurice Pialat, France)
7. Love (Károly Makk, Hungary)
8. The Merchant of Four Seasons (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
9. Dirty Harry (Don Siegel, United States)
10. A Touch of Zen (King Hu, Taiwan)

1. Pakeezah (Kamal Amrohi, India)
2. The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (Luis Buñuel, France/
3. The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
4. Frenzy (Alfred Hitchcock, United Kingdom)
5. Solaris (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
6. Ulzana's Raid (Robert Aldrich, United States)
7. Travels with My Aunt (George Cukor, United States)
8. Aguirre, Wrath of God (Werner Herzog, West Germany/Peru/
9. The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (Wim Wenders, West Germany/Austria)
10. Avanti! (Billy Wilder, United States/Italy)

1. The Spirit of the Beehive (Victor Erice, Spain)
2. Badlands (Terrence Malick, United States)
3. The Age of Cosimo de Medici (Roberto Rossellini, Italy)
4. The Mother and the Whore (Jean Eustache, France)
5. Reed: Insurgent Mexico (Paul Leduc, Mexico)
6. A River Called Titas (Ritwik Ghatak, India/Bangladesh)
7. Touki Bouki (Djibril Diop Mambéty, Senegal)
8. Moses and Aaron (Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet, Austria/France/West Germany/Italy)
9. The Long Goodbye (Robert Altman, United States)
10. Breezy (Clint Eastwood, United States)

1. Celine and Julie Go Boating (Jacques Rivette, France)
2. Lancelot of the Lake (Robert Bresson, France)
3. Arabian Nights (Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italy/France)
4. F for Fake (Orson Welles, France/Iran/West Germany)
5. Alice in the Cities (Wim Wenders, West Germany)
6. Effi Briest (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
7. A Woman Under the Influence (John Cassavetes, United States)
8. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Werner Herzog, West Germany)
9. Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
10. Weighed But Found Wanting (Lino Brocka, Philippines)

1. Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
2. Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
3. The Mirror (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
4. The Travelling Players (Theo Angelopoulos, Greece)
5. The Messiah (Roberto Rossellini, Italy/France)
6. Xala (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal)
7. Benilde, or the Virgin Mother (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
8. The Passenger (Michelangelo Antonioni, France/Italy/United States/Spain)
9. Manila in the Claws of Light (Lino Brocka, Philippines)
10. India Song (Marguerite Duras, France)

1. The Outlaw Josey Wales (Clint Eastwood, United States)
2. Kings of the Road (Wim Wenders, West Germany)
3. Family Plot (Alfred Hitchcock, United States)
4. The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (John Cassavetes, United States)
5. The Shootist (Don Siegel, United States)
6. The Marquise of O (Eric Rohmer, West Germany/France)
7. In the Realm of the Senses (Nagisa Oshima, Japan/France)
8. Duelle (Jacques Rivette, France)
9. Insiang (Lino Brocka, Philippines)
10. Nuts in May (Mike Leigh, United Kingdom)

1. That Obscure Object of Desire (Luis Buñuel, France/Spain)
2. Providence (Alain Resnais, France/Switzerland)
3. Man of Marble (Andrzej Wajda, Poland)
4. Killer of Sheep (Charles Burnett, United States)
5. The Gauntlet (Clint Eastwood, United States)
6. Ceddo (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal)
7. News from Home (Chantal Akerman, France/Belgium/West Germany)
8. The Chess Players (Satyajit Ray, India)
9. Amar Akbar Anthony (Manmohan Desai, India)
10. The Report (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)

1. Doomed Love (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
2. Days of Heaven (Terrence Malick, United States)
3. Perceval (Eric Rohmer, France/Italy/West Germany)
4. Fedora (Billy Wilder, France/West Germany)
5. Les Rendez-vous d'Anna (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France/West Germany)
6. Violette (Claude Chabrol, France/Canada)
7. The Driver (Walter Hill, United States)
8. Halloween (John Carpenter, United States)
9. Graduate First (Maurice Pialat, France)
10. Alexandria... Why? (Youssef Chahine, Egypt/Algeria)

1. Stalker (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
2. Tale of Tales (Yuri Norstein, Soviet Union)
3. "10" (Blake Edwards, United States)
4. The Marriage of Maria Braun (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
5. The Hypothesis of a Stolen Painting (Raoul Ruiz, France)
6. L'enfant secret (Philippe Garrel, France)
7. From the Clouds to the Resistance (Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet, Italy/West Germany/United Kingdom/France)
8. Eureka (Ernie Gehr, United States)
9. Vengeance is Mine (Shohei Imamura, Japan)
10. My Brilliant Career (Gillian Armstrong, Australia)

The Ten Best Films of the 1970s (in alphabetical order)
Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
Celine and Julie Go Boating (Jacques Rivette, France)
Claire's Knee (Eric Rohmer, France)
Days of Heaven (Terrence Malick, United States)
Doomed Love (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
Pakeezah (Kamal Amrohi, India)
The Spirit of the Beehive (Victor Erice, Spain)
Stalker (Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet Union)
The Travelling Players (Theo Angelopoulos, Greece)

The Sacrifice (1986)
1. Berlin Alexanderplatz (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
2. Bronco Billy (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. Melvin and Howard (Jonathan Demme, United States)
4. The Shining (Stanley Kubrick, United States)
5. Loulou (Maurice Pialat, France)
6. Mon oncle d'Amérique (Alain Resnais, France)
7. Germany, Pale Mother (Helma Sanders-Brahms, West Germany)
8. Every Man for Himself (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Austria/West Germany/Switzerland)
9. Used Cars (Robert Zemeckis, United States)
10. The Big Red One (Samuel Fuller, United States)

1. Francisca (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
2. The Aviator's Wife (Eric Rohmer, France)
3. Blind Chance (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
4. Modern Romance (Albert Brooks, United States)
5. Mandala (Im Kwon-taek, South Korea)
6. Man of Iron (Andrzej Wajda, Poland)
7. Lola (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
8. Orderly or Disorderly (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
9. Thief (Michael Mann, United States)
10. The Prodigal Son (Sammo Hung, Hong Kong)

1. Une chambre en ville (Jacques Demy, Italy/France)
2. Passion (Jean-Luc Godard, France/Switzerland)
3. Fanny and Alexander (Ingmar Bergman, Sweden/France/West Germany)
4. A Good Marriage (Eric Rohmer, France)
5. Le Pont du Nord (Jacques Rivette, France)
6. Dimensions of Dialogue (Jan Svankmajer, Czechoslovakia)
7. Danton (Andrzej Wajda, France/Poland/West Germany)
8. Losing Ground (Kathleen Collins, United States)
9. Burden of Dreams (Les Blank, United States)
10. Moonlighting (Jerzy Skolimowski, United Kingdom/West Germany)

1. L'Argent (Robert Bresson, France)
2. Three Crowns of the Sailor (Raoul Ruiz, France)
3. Sudden Impact (Clint Eastwood, United States)
4. Sans Soleil (Chris Marker, France)
5. À nos amours (Maurice Pialat, France)
6. Pauline at the Beach (Eric Rohmer, France)
7. Nostalghia (Andrei Tarkovsky, Italy/France/Soviet Union)
8. Razia Sultan (Kamal Amrohi and G. P. Pawar, India)
9. The Golden 80's (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
10. My Brother's Wedding (Charles Burnett, United States)

1. Love Streams (John Cassavetes, United States)
2. Stranger Than Paradise (Jim Jarmusch, United States)
3. A Summer at Grandpa's (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
4. Yellow Earth (Chen Kaige, China)
5. Full Moon in Paris (Eric Rohmer, France)
6. Once Upon a Time in America (Sergio Leone, Italy/United States)
7. My Friend Ivan Lapshin (Aleksei German, Soviet Union)
8. Long Arm of the Law (Johnny Mak, Hong Kong)
9. A Sunday in the Country (Bertrand Tavernier, France)
10. Streets of Fire (Walter Hill, United States)

1. Taipei Story (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
2. The Time to Live and the Time to Die (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
3. Shoah (Claude Lanzmann, France)
4. The Satin Slipper (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
5. Lost in America (Albert Brooks, United States)
6. Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (Paul Schrader, United States/ Japan)
7. No End (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
8. Vagabond (Agnès Varda, France)
9. Back to the Future (Robert Zemeckis, United States)
10. Rendez-vous (André Téchiné, France)

1. The Green Ray/Summer (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. The Sacrifice (Andrei Tarkovsky, Sweden/United Kingdom/France)
3. Blue Velvet (David Lynch, United States)
4. Mélo (Alain Resnais, France)
5. Dust in the Wind (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
6. Peking Opera Blues (Tsui Hark, Hong Kong)
7. The Horse Thief (Tian Zhuangzhuang, China)
8. Down by Law (Jim Jarmusch, United States/West Germany)
9. Terrorizers (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
10. Mon cas (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Portugal)

1. Boyfriends and Girlfriends (Eric Rohmer, France)
2. Where is the Friend's House? (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
3. Yeelen (Souleymane Cissé, Mali/Burkina Faso/France/West Germany)
4. Daughter of the Nile (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
5. The Dead (John Huston, United Kingdom/Ireland/United States)
6. King of the Children (Chen Kaige, China)
7. Hope and Glory (John Boorman, United Kingdom)
8. Under the Sun of Satan (Maurice Pialat, France)
9. Wings of Desire (Wim Wenders, West Germany/France)
10. Housekeeping (Bill Forsyth, United States)

1. Distant Voices, Still Lives (Terence Davies, United Kingdom)
2. My Neighbor Totoro (Hayao Miyazaki, Japan)
3. Damnation (Béla Tarr, Hungary)
4. Dead Ringers (David Cronenberg, Canada/United States)
5. Landscape in the Mist (Theo Angelopoulos, Greece/
6. The Thin Blue Line (Errol Morris, United States)
7. Ariel (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland)
8. A Short Film About Love (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
9. Rouge (Stanley Kwan, Hong Kong)
10. A Tale of the Wind (Joris Ivens and Marceline Loridan, France/West Germany/United Kingdom/Netherlands)

1. A City of Sadness (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. The Decalogue (Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland)
3. The Asthenic Syndrome (Kira Muratova, Soviet Union)
4. Gang of Four (Jacques Rivette, France/Switzerland)
5. The Killer (John Woo, Hong Kong)
6. Recollections of the Yellow House (João César Monteiro, Portugal)
7. O Sangue (Pedro Costa, Portugal)
8. Revenge (Ermek Shinarbaev, Soviet Union)
9. Notebook on Cities & Clothes (Wim Wenders, West Germany/France)
10. Bashu, the Little Stranger (Bahram Beizai, Iran)

The Ten Best Films of the 1980s (in alphabetical order)
L'Argent (Robert Bresson, France)
Berlin Alexanderplatz (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, West Germany)
Une chambre en ville (Jacques Demy, Italy/France)
A City of Sadness (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
Distant Voices, Still Lives (Terence Davies, United Kingdom)
Francisca (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal)
The Green Ray/Summer (Eric Rohmer, France)
The Sacrifice (Andrei Tarkovsky, Sweden/United Kingdom/France)
Shoah (Claude Lanzmann, France)
Taipei Story (Edward Yang, Taiwan)

Flowers of Shanghai (1998)
1. Close-up (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
2. An Angel at My Table (Jane Campion, Australia/United Kingdom/New Zealand)
3. No, or the Vainglory of Command (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/Spain)
4. To Sleep with Anger (Charles Burnett, United States)
5. Boiling Point (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
6. The Second Circle (Aleksandr Sokurov, Soviet Union)
7. White Hunter, Black Heart (Clint Eastwood, United States)
8. Nouvelle Vague (Jean-Luc Godard, Switzerland/France)
9. A Tale of Springtime (Eric Rohmer, France)
10. The Match Factory Girl (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/Sweden)

1. A Brighter Summer Day (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
2. Days of Being Wild (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
3. The Double Life of Veronique (Krzysztof Kieslowski, France/
4. La Belle Noiseuse (Jacques Rivette, France/Switzerland)
5. Van Gogh (Maurice Pialat, France)
6. The Stranger (Satyajit Ray, India/France)
7. A Scene at the Sea (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
8. Defending Your Life (Albert Brooks, United States)
9. J'entends plus la guitare (Philippe Garrel, France)
10. Side/Walk/Shuttle (Ernie Gehr, United States)

1. The Quince Tree Sun (Victor Erice, Spain)
2. Life and Nothing More... (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
3. Centre Stage (Stanley Kwan, Hong Kong)
4. The Long Day Closes (Terence Davies, United Kingdom)
5. Unforgiven (Clint Eastwood, United States)
6. Guelwaar (Ousmane Sembene, Senegal/France/Germany)
7. A Tale of Winter (Eric Rohmer, France)
8. Lessons of Darkness (Werner Herzog, Germany/France/United Kingdom)
9. Simple Men (Hal Hartley, United States/Italy/United Kingdom)
10. Hyenas (Djibril Diop Mambéty, Senegal)

1. Abraham's Valley (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/
2. A Perfect World (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. The Puppetmaster (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
4. Sonatine (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
5. D'Est (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France/Portugal)
6. Naked (Mike Leigh, United Kingdom)
7. Groundhog Day (Harold Ramis, United States)
8. The Age of Innocence (Martin Scorsese, United States)
9. The Blue Kite (Tian Zhuangzhuang, China/Hong Kong)
10. Calendar (Atom Egoyan, Armenia/Canada/Germany)

1. Through the Olive Trees (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran/France)
2. Sátántangó (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Germany/Switzerland)
3. Chungking Express (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
4. Vive L'Amour (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
5. Cold Water (Olivier Assayas, France)
6. Pulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, United States)
7. JLG/JLG (Jean-Luc Godard, France)
8. Exotica (Atom Egoyan, Canada)
9. Take Care of Your Scarf, Tatjana (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/
10. Joan the Maid (Jacques Rivette, France)

1. Fallen Angels (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
2. Dead Man (Jim Jarmusch, United States/Germany/Japan)
3. The Bridges of Madison County (Clint Eastwood, United States)
4. Before Sunrise (Richard Linklater, United States/Austria/
5. Heat (Michael Mann, United States)
6. La Ceremonie (Claude Chabrol, France/Germany)
7. The Convent (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France)
8. Rendezvous in Paris (Eric Rohmer, France)
9. The White Balloon (Jafar Panahi, Iran)
10. Whisper of the Heart (Yoshifumi Kondô, Japan)

1. Goodbye South, Goodbye (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. The Portrait of a Lady (Jane Campion, United Kingdom/United States)
3. Crash (David Cronenberg, Canada/United States)
4. My Sex Life... or How I Got into an Argument (Arnaud Desplechin, France)
5. Breaking the Waves (Lars von Trier, Demark/Sweden/France/
6. Irma Vep (Olivier Assayas, France)
7. Nenette and Boni (Claire Denis, France)
8. Drifting Clouds (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland)
9. Mother (Albert Brooks, United States)
10. Tierra (Julio Medem, Spain)

1. Taste of Cherry (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
2. Mother and Son (Aleksandr Sokurov, Germany/Russia)
3. Hana-bi/Fireworks (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
4. L.A. Confidential (Curtis Hanson, United States)
5. Fragments * Jerusalem (Ron Havilio, Israel)
6. The River (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
7. Same Old Song (Alain Resnais, France/Switzerland/United Kingdom)
8. Cure (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan)
9. La Vie de Jésus (Bruno Dumont, France)
10. Ulee's Gold (Victor Nunez, United States)

1. Flowers of Shanghai (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
2. The Thin Red Line (Terrence Malick, United States)
3. An Autumn Tale (Eric Rohmer, France)
4. Inquietude (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/Spain/
5. The Power of Kangwon Province (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
6. The Hole (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
7. Rushmore (Wes Anderson, United States)
8. From the Notebook of... (Robert Beavers, United States)
9. There's Something About Mary (Bobby & Peter Farrelly, United States)
10. Dil Se.. (Mani Ratnam, India)

1. The Wind Will Carry Us (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran/France)
2. Eyes Wide Shut (Stanley Kubrick, United States/United Kingdom)
3. Time Regained (Raoul Ruiz, France/Italy/Portugal)
4. Beau Travail (Claire Denis, France)
5. Gohatto/Taboo (Nagisa Oshima, Japan/France/United Kingdom)
6. Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai (Jim Jarmusch, France/Germany/United States/Japan)
7. Rosetta (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, France/Belgium)
8. The Letter (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Spain/Portugal)
9. Clouds of May (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey)
10. The Mission (Johnnie To, Hong Kong)

The Ten Best Films of the 1990s (in alphabetical order)
Abraham's Valley (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/
A Brighter Summer Day (Edward Yang, Taiwan)
Centre Stage (Stanley Kwan, Hong Kong)
Days of Being Wild (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong)
Flowers of Shanghai (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
A Perfect World (Clint Eastwood, United States)
The Quince Tree Sun (Victor Erice, Spain)
Sátántangó (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Germany/Switzerland)
The Thin Red Line (Terrence Malick, United States)
Through the Olive Trees (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran/France)

Blissfully Yours (2002)
1. Werckmeister Harmonies (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Italy/Germany/
2. Yi Yi (Edward Yang, Taiwan/Japan)
3. The House of Mirth (Terence Davies, United Kingdom/France/
Germany/United States)
4. In the Mood for Love (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong/
5. Platform (Jia Zhangke, China/Hong Kong/Japan/France)
6. Eureka (Shinji Aoyama, Japan)
7. The Circle (Jafar Panahi, Iran/Switzerland/Italy)
8. Wonder Boys (Curtis Hanson, United States)
9. Songs from the Second Floor (Roy Andersson, Sweden/
10. Virgin Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)

1. I'm Going Home (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Portugal)
2. Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, United States/France)
3. Spirited Away (Hayao Miyazaki, Japan)
4. The Lady and the Duke (Eric Rohmer, France)
5. The Royal Tenenbaums (Wes Anderson, United States)
6. La Libertad (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina)
7. Millennium Mambo (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan/France)
8. Pistol Opera (Seijuin Suzuki, Japan)
9. La Ciénaga (Lucrecia Martel, Argentina/France/Spain)
10. The Fast Runner (Atanarjuat) (Zacharias Kunuk, Canada)

1. Russian Ark (Aleksandr Sokurov, Russia/Germany)
2. Ten (Abbas Kiarostami, France/Iran/United States)
3. Blissfully Yours (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/France)
4. Tie Xi Qu: West of the Tracks (Wang Bing, China)
5. Talk to Her (Pedro Almodóvar, Spain)
6. The Son (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, Belgium/France)
7. Friday Night (Claire Denis, France)
8. Spider (David Cronenberg, Canada/United Kingdom)
9. 25th Hour (Spike Lee, United States)
10. Springtime in a Small Town (Tian Zhuangzhuang, China/Hong Kong/France/Netherlands)

1. Goodbye Dragon Inn (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
2. Mystic River (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. The Story of Marie and Julien (Jacques Rivette, France/Italy)
4. Five (Dedicated to Ozu) (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
5. Zatôichi (Takeshi Kitano, Japan)
6. Crimson Gold (Jafar Panahi, Iran)
7. Café Lumière (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Japan/Taiwan)
8. A Talking Picture (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/France/Italy)
9. Doppelgänger (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan)
10. Ana and the Others (Celina Murga, Argentina)

1. Tropical Malady (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/
2. Million Dollar Baby (Clint Eastwood, United States)
3. 2046 (Wong Kar-wai, China/France/Germany/Hong Kong)
4. Collateral (Michael Mann, United States)
5. Los Muertos (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina/France/
6. Innocence (Lucile Hadzihalilovic, Belgium/France/United Kingdom)
7. The World (Jia Zhangke, China/Japan/France)
8. Before Sunset (Richard Linklater, United States)
9. Kings and Queen (Arnaud Desplechin, France)
10. 13 Lakes (James Benning, United States)

1. The New World (Terrence Malick, United States)
2. A History of Violence (David Cronenberg, United States)
3. The Sun (Aleksandr Sokurov, Russia/France/Italy/Switzerland)
4. The Death of Mr. Lazarescu (Cristi Puiu, Romania)
5. Three Times (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan)
6. Caché (Michael Haneke, France/Austria/Germany/Italy)
7. L'Enfant (Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, Belgium/France)
8. Oxhide (Liu Jiayin, China)
9. Regular Lovers (Philippe Garrel, France)
10. Linda Linda Linda (Nobuhiro Yamashita, Japan)

1. Syndromes and a Century (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/France/Austria)
2. Private Fears in Public Places (Alain Resnais, France/Italy)
3. Still Life (Jia Zhangke, China/Hong Kong)
4. Déjà Vu (Tony Scott, United States)
5. Longing (Valeska Grisebach, Germany)
6. Climates (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey/France)
7. Woman on the Beach (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
8. Colossal Youth (Pedro Costa, Portugal/France/Switzerland)
9. Kodak (Tacita Dean, United Kingdom/France/United States)
10. Les signes (Eugène Green, France)

1. Flight of the Red Balloon (Hou Hsiao-hsien, France)
2. Silent Light (Carlos Reygadas, Mexico/France/Netherlands/
3. Zodiac (David Fincher, United States)
4. The Romance of Astrea and Celadon (Eric Rohmer, France/
5. In the City of Sylvia (José Luis Guerín, Spain)
6. Eastern Promises (David Cronenberg, United Kingdom/Canada/
United States)
7. The Darjeeling Limited (Wes Anderson, United States)
8. Fengming: A Chinese Memoir (Wang Bing, China)
9. The Duchess of Langeais (Jacques Rivette, France/Italy)
10. RR (James Benning, United States/Germany)

1. The Headless Woman (Lucrecia Martel, Argentina/France/
2. Tokyo Sonata (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan)
3. Shirin (Abbas Kiarostami, Iran)
4. Summer Hours (Olivier Assayas, France)
5. Liverpool (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina/France/Netherlands/
6. Two Lovers (James Gray, United States)
7. 35 Shots of Rum (Claire Denis, France/Germany)
8. A Christmas Tale (Arnaud Desplechin, France)
9. Gran Torino (Clint Eastwood, United States)
10. Our Beloved Month of August (Miguel Gomes, Portugal/France)

1. Everyone Else (Maren Ade, Germany)
2. Police, Adjective (Corneliu Porumboiu, Romania)
3. White Material (Claire Denis, France/Cameroon)
4. The Limits of Control (Jim Jarmusch, United States/Japan)
5. Around a Small Mountain (Jacques Rivette, France/Italy)
6. Oxhide II (Liu Jiayin, China)
7. I Am Love (Luca Guadagnino, Italy)
8. Fantastic Mr. Fox (Wes Anderson, United States) 
9. Bright Star (Jane Campion, United Kingdom/Australia/France)
10. Hadewijch (Bruno Dumont, France)

The Ten Best Films of the 2000s (in alphabetical order)
Flight of the Red Balloon (Hou Hsiao-hsien, France)
Goodbye Dragon Inn (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan)
The Headless Woman (Lucrecia Martel, Argentina/France/Italy/
I'm Going Home (Manoel de Oliveira, France/Portugal)
Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, United States/France)
Mystic River (Clint Eastwood, United States)
Russian Ark (Aleksandr Sokurov, Russia/Germany)
Tropical Malady (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/
Werckmeister Harmonies (Béla Tarr, Hungary/Italy/Germany/
Yi Yi (Edward Yang, Taiwan/Japan)

Certified Copy (2010)
1. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/United Kingdom/France/Germany/
Spain/Netherlands/United States)
2. Certified Copy (Abbas Kiarostami, France/Italy/Iran)
3. Mysteries of Lisbon (Raoul Ruiz, Portugal/France/Brazil)
4. Aurora (Cristi Puiu, Romania/France/Switzerland/Germany)
5. Tuesday, After Christmas (Radu Muntean, Romania)
6. The Social Network (David Fincher, United States)
7. Winter Vacation (Li Hongqi, China)
8. My Joy (Sergei Loznitsa, Germany/Ukraine/Netherlands)
9. The Strange Case of Angélica (Manoel de Oliveira, Portugal/
10. Ha Ha Ha (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)

1. Once Upon a Time in Anatolia (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey/
Bosnia and Herzegovina)
2. The Turin Horse (Béla Tarr and Ágnes Hranitzky, Hungary/
France/Germany/Switzerland/United States)
3. A Separation (Asghar Farhadi, Iran)
4. The Tree of Life (Terrence Malick, United States)
5. This Is Not a Film (Jafar Panahi and Mojtaba Mirtahmasb, Iran)
6. The Deep Blue Sea (Terence Davies, United Kingdom/United States)
7. Le Havre (Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/France/Germany)
8. Old Dog (Pema Tseden, China)
9. Drive (Nicolas Winding Refn, United States)
10. Hugo (Martin Scorsese, United States)

1. Holy Motors (Leos Carax, France/Germany)
2. Leviathan (Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Véréna Paravel, France/United Kingdom/United States)
3. Moonrise Kingdom (Wes Anderson, United States)
4. Barbara (Christian Petzold, Germany)
5. Tabu (Miguel Gomes, Portugal/Germany/Brazil/France)
6. Django Unchained (Quentin Tarantino, United States)
7. Three Sisters (Wang Bing, China)
8. Neighboring Sounds (Kleber Mendonça Filho, Brazil)
9. You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet (Alain Resnais, France/Germany)
10. Beyond the Hills (Cristian Mungiu, Romania/France/Belgium)

1. Closed Curtain (Jafar Panahi and Kambuzia Partovi, Iran)
2. Stray Dogs (Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwan/France)
3. The Grandmaster (Wong Kar-wai, Hong Kong/China)
4. A Touch of Sin (Jia Zhangke, China)
5. The Great Beauty (Paolo Sorrentino, Italy)
6. Stranger by the Lake (Alain Guiraudie, France)
7. Norte, the End of History (Lav Diaz, Philippines)
8. The Immigrant (James Gray, United States)
9. Manakamana (Stephanie Spray and Pacho Velez, Nepal/United States)
10. The Strange Little Cat (Ramon Zürcher, Germany)

1. Li'l Quinquin (Bruno Dumont, France)
2. Phoenix (Christian Petzold, Germany/Poland)
3. Hill of Freedom (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
4. Goodbye to Language (Jean-Luc Godard, Switzerland/France)
5. Jauja (Lisandro Alonso, Argentina/Denmark/France/Mexico/
United States/Germany/Brazil/Netherlands)
6. Boyhood (Richard Linklater, United States)
7. From What Is Before (Lav Diaz, Philippines)
8. Winter Sleep (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkey/France/Germany)
9. The Kindergarten Teacher (Nadav Lapid, Israel/France)
10. Maïdan (Sergei Loznitsa, Ukraine/Netherlands)

1. The Assassin (Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwan/China/Hong Kong/
2. Cemetery of Splendour (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/United Kingdom/France/Germany/Malaysia/South Korea/Mexico/United States/Norway)
3. Knight of Cups (Terrence Malick, United States)
4. Taxi (Jafar Panahi, Iran)
5. Right Now, Wrong Then (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
6. No Home Movie (Chantal Akerman, Belgium/France)
7. Son of Saul (László Nemes, Hungary)
8. The Treasure (Corneliu Porumboiu, Romania/France)
9. Chevalier (Athina Rachel Tsangari, Greece)
10. Tharlo (Pema Tseden, China)

1. A Quiet Passion (Terence Davies, United Kingdom/Belgium)
2. Sieranevada (Cristi Puiu, Romania) 
3. Nocturama (Betrand Bonello, France/Germany/Belgium)
4. Toni Erdmann (Maren Ade, Germany)
5. Elle (Paul Verhoeven, France/Germany/Belgium)
6. Paterson (Jim Jarmusch, United States) 
7. Scarred Hearts (Radu Jude, Romania/Germany) 
8. A Lullaby to the Sorrowful Mystery (Lav Diaz, Philippines)
9. The Ornithologist (João Pedro Rodrigues, Portugal/France/Brazil) 
10. Yourself and Yours (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)

1. The Day After (Hong Sang-soo, South Korea)
2. Zama (Lucrecia Martel, Argentina/Spain/France/Netherlands/ United States/Brazil/Mexico/Portugal/Lebanon/Switzerland)
3. Western (Valeska Grisebach, Germany/Bulgaria/Austria)
4. First Reformed (Paul Schrader, United States)
5. Jeannette: The Childhood of Joan of Arc (Bruno Dumont, France)
6. Milla (Valérie Massadian, France/Portugal)
7. Downsizing (Alexander Payne, United States/Norway)
8. Faces Places (Agnès Varda & JR, France)
9. Phantom Thread (Paul Thomas Anderson, United States/United Kingdom)
10. Ghost in the Mountains (Yang Heng, China)

1. An Elephant Sitting Still (Hu Bo, China)
2. La Flor (Mariano Llinás, Argentina)
3. The Mule (Clint Eastwood, United States)
4. Transit (Christian Petzold, Germany/France)
5. The Wild Pear Tree (Nuri Blige Ceylan, Turkey/Macedonia/France/ Germany/Bosnia and Herzegovina/Bulgaria/Sweden)
6. Ash Is Purest White (Jia Zhangke, China/France/Japan)
7. The Image Book (Jean-Luc Godard, Switzerland/France)
8. Dead Souls (Wang Bing, Switzerland/France)
9. Long Day's Journey Into Night (Bi Gan, China/France)
10. Coincoin and the Extra-Humans (Bruno Dumont, France)

1. Vitalina Varela (Pedro Costa, Portugal)
2. Synonyms (Nadav Lapid, France/Israel/Germany)
3. To the Ends of the Earth (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Japan/Uzbekistan/ Qatar)
4. I Was At Home, But… (Angela Schanelec, Germany/Serbia)
5. Martin Eden (Pietro Marcello, Italy/France/Germany)
6. Atlantics (Mati Diop, France/Senegal/Belgium)
7. Parasite (Bong Joon Ho, South Korea)
8. Zombi Child (Bertrand Bonello, France)
9. Tommaso (Abel Ferrara, Italy/Greece/United States)
10. The Whistlers (Corneliu Porumboiu, Romania/France/Germany/ Sweden)

The Ten Best Films of the 2010s (in alphabetical order)
The Assassin (Hou Hsiao-hsien, 2015, Taiwan/China/Hong Kong/
Certified Copy (Abbas Kiarostami, 2010, France/Italy/Iran)
An Elephant Sitting Still (Hu Bo, 2018, China) 
La Flor (Mariano Llinás, 2018, Argentina)
Li'l Quinquin (Bruno Dumont, 2014, France)
Once Upon a Time in Anatolia (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, 2011, Turkey/
Bosnia and Herzegovina)
A Quiet Passion (Terence Davies, 2016, United Kingdom/Belgium)
Sieranevada (Cristi Puiu, 2016, Romania) 
The Turin Horse (Béla Tarr and Ágnes Hranitzky, 2011, Hungary/
France/Germany/Switzerland/United States)
Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2010, Thailand/United Kingdom/France/Germany/ Spain/Netherlands/United States)